ACLU, Conservatives, Civil Rights Groups Agree: CAPPS II Raises Serious Privacy and Security Concerns
WASHINGTON - At a forum entitled ""CAPPS II: Passenger Screening and Privacy Concerns,"" hosted by the American Civil Liberties Union, prominent conservatives and the Washington head of the NAACP today warned Congress about potential threats to privacy and civil rights under the Transportation Security Administration's (TSA) now infamous Computer Assisted Passenger Pre-Screening System (CAPPS II) airport spying system.
"Not only would CAPPS II threaten privacy and likely reduce security, but there's no guarantee against bias in the system," said Laura W. Murphy, Director of the ACLU's Washington Legislative office. "Further, TSA officials are already hinting that CAPPS II could be used outside of the airports - a clear example of mission creep."
""We will soon join dozens of other groups in filing comments urging officials to scrap the program in its current form,"" Murphy added. ""Safety and freedom are not served by overreaching and ineffective security measures.""
Murphy was joined this morning by former Congressman Bob Barr (R-GA); James X. Dempsey of the Center for Democracy and Technology; David Keene of the American Conservative Union; Grover Norquist of Americans for Tax Reform, and Hilary Shelton of the Washington Bureau of the NAACP. The discussion this morning reflected the growing concern in America about the lack of privacy safeguards and potential ineffectiveness of CAPPS II.
CAPPS II came under fire recently when the TSA published proposed regulations in the Federal Register this summer and announced a sixty-day public comment period that closes at the end of September. CAPPS II is designed to perform extensive background checks using sensitive information to determine the security risk of all airline passengers. The most intrusive and dangerous element of the program - the construction of a system for conducting background checks - would depend on shadowy intelligence/law enforcement databases of questionable reliability.
Many groups have raised concerns about CAPPS II being an integrated database that would run several searches on individual travelers' personal information. The database could be used for purposes far beyond air travel, allowing access to individuals' personal information for government functions at the local, state, federal and even international level. Not only would the database limit individuals' ability to travel freely, but it would also provide the basis for arrest and detention. This system would scrutinize every traveler, greatly increasing the chance that innocent people would be identified as terrorists, which would potentially undermine security. Some groups have also raised concerns that CAPPS II would have a disproportionate impact on racial, ethnic and religious minorities.
""It is bad enough that the CAPPS II system would create a de facto government blacklist that will hurt innocent Americans,"" added Murphy. ""But it is even more intolerable that minorities could be hurt more than other Americans. This panel demonstrates that all of us should be concerned with this new incarnation of Big Brother""
Laura Murphy's remarks can be seen at:
The ACLU Fact Sheet on CAPPS II can be seen at: