In this 125-page report, the ACLU and Human Rights Watch found that in Texas and Mississippi children ranging in age from 3 to 19 years old are routinely physically punished for minor infractions such as chewing gum, talking back to a teacher, or violating the dress code, as well as for more serious transgressions such as fighting. Corporal punishment, legal in 21 states, typically takes the form of "paddling," during which an administrator or teacher hits a child repeatedly on the buttocks with a long wooden board.
Corporal punishment violates international human rights standards binding on the U.S., including norms prohibiting cruel, inhuman and degrading treatment and protecting the right to dignity. The report shows that, as a result of paddling, many children are left injured, degraded, and disengaged from school.
Table of Contents
|I||Summary and Key Recommendations||1|
|III||Corporal Punishment in US Public Schools||14|
|IV||Offenses Leading to Corporal Punishment||35|
|V||Prevalence of Corporal Punishment in US Public Schools||42|
|VI||Impact of Corporal Punishment||50|
|VII||Best Practices in School Discipline||60|
|VIII||The Use of Corporal Punishment against Specific Groups||69|
|IX||Regulating Discipline in Schools||84|
|X||Seeking Redress for Corporal Punishment||94|
|XI||Banning Corporal Punishment||102|
|XII||Conclusion and Recommendations||118|