Why the ACLU Opposes Brett Kavanaugh's Nomination to the Supreme Court

On Friday, Sept. 28, following the Senate Judiciary hearing at which both Dr. Christine Blasey Ford and Judge Brett Kavanaugh testified, the ACLU  decided to depart from its usual policy in order to oppose the nomination of Judge Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court.

It was not a decision we took lightly. As a matter of policy, the ACLU does not endorse or oppose presidential nominations. We have made exceptions, but those exceptions are few and far between. In our 98-year history, we have only opposed four Supreme Court nominees.

How did the ACLU reach the decision to oppose the Kavanaugh nomination?

This decision was made by the ACLU’s board of directors, a body of 69 people representing all of the ACLU’s 54 affiliates. The board held a special meeting following the Sept. 28 testimony, which was attended by 62 board members. After a discussion lasting several hours, the board agreed, by a vote of 55 to 7, on the following resolution:

“The ACLU opposes the confirmation of Judge Brett Kavanaugh to the Supreme Court. There are credible allegations that Judge Kavanaugh has engaged in serious misconduct that have not been adequately investigated by the Senate. Dr. Christine Blasey Ford’s credible testimony, subsequent allegations of sexual misconduct, the inadequate investigation, and Judge Kavanaugh’s testimony at the hearing lead us to doubt Judge Kavanaugh’s fitness to serve as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.

“This is not a decision taken lightly. We cannot remain silent under these extraordinary circumstances about a lifetime appointment to the highest court of the land. The standard for such an appointment should be high, and the burden is on the nominee. That burden is not met as long as there are unresolved questions regarding the credible allegations of sexual assault.” 

Is this a partisan decision?

No. The ACLU remains committed to our traditional principles of nonpartisanship. Board members were clear that if the same concerns were raised about a Democratic Supreme Court nominee — inadequately investigated credible allegations of sexual assault supported by credible testimony and met by nominee testimony showing angry partisanship — we would similarly oppose that nominee.

Does this decision change ACLU policy?

No. ACLU policy is not to support or oppose any candidate for elected or appointed office, including Supreme Court justices. This means that we do not support or oppose Supreme Court nominees based on our predictions about how they would vote if confirmed. This has been our policy for most of the 98 years since we were founded. In our entire history, we have previously opposed only the nominations of William Rehnquist, Robert Bork, and Samuel Alito. Most recently, we did not oppose John Roberts or Neil Gorsuch. 

LISTEN TO SUSAN HERMAN EXPLAIN THE BOARD'S VOTE ON AT LIBERTY

In 1987, the ACLU adopted a special exception to our general rule of non-opposition with respect to Supreme Court justices, but we rescinded that policy in 2006 because we wanted to avoid judging future justices and we wanted to avoid either being or appearing partisan. The decision in this instance, not made on the basis of ideology, is an exception to our general practice of not opposing candidates. This decision was based on unique circumstances presented by credible allegations of sexual assault and a display of partisan rancor, leading us to doubt Judge Kavanaugh’s fitness to serve on the Supreme Court, a job that demands the highest integrity because of the finality of the court’s rulings and the fact that justices enjoy life tenure. 

Why doesn’t the ACLU routinely take positions on Supreme Court nominees?

The ACLU works in some 14 areas of civil rights and civil liberties, and judges may be predictably sympathetic on some issues and not others. Justice Anthony Kennedy, for example, made history with his support for same-sex marriage in our Obergefell case, but he voted against the ACLU in all five of our Supreme Court cases last term, including our challenge to the Muslim travel ban. We hope that once confirmed to the Supreme Court, even a judge who had seemed predictably anti-civil liberties might heed our arguments and take the broader perspective of a final arbiter — as Justice Kennedy did, for example, in voting not to overrule Roe v. Wade in 1992, in recognizing marriage equality, and in striking down the death penalty for juvenile offenders.

What about due process for Judge Kavanaugh?

A Supreme Court confirmation hearing is not a trial. We would not support a criminal conviction of Judge Kavanaugh or anyone else without proof beyond a reasonable doubt. But because of the unique nature of a Supreme Court appointment, we think it is fair for Judge Kavanaugh to have to meet the burden of dispelling the serious concerns about his fitness raised by Dr. Blasey Ford’s testimony. His self-serving, evasive, and often demonstrably untruthful testimony at the hearing only reinforced those concerns.

Why not wait until after the FBI investigation has concluded?

On the basis of Dr. Ford’s credible and powerful testimony, and Judge Kavanaugh’s unpersuasive response, we believe that there was sufficient evidence to oppose as of the completion of the hearing. To say that we should not oppose Judge Kavanaugh unless and until a full investigation finds additional corroborating evidence suggests that Dr. Ford’s testimony is not sufficient even to raise serious doubts in the context of a confirmation hearing. 

The laws of many states used to require corroboration of a woman’s testimony of sexual assault in criminal cases. States changed those laws to drop corroboration requirements, even in criminal cases, in order to ensure that the testimony of women would not be routinely discounted. The old laws were justified by the notion that a high burden was necessary to protect (male) defendants against women who fabricate allegations; the reform of those laws was justified by the reality that women who had suffered sexual assaults were not being taken seriously and therefore were frequently unwilling to come forward with their complaints. And that was in criminal trials, where the burden of proof on the prosecution is appropriately high.

If a full and fair investigation were to refute Dr. Ford’s credible allegations, our board members could reconsider their position. But absent persuasive evidence undermining Dr. Ford’s account, our conclusion was that there are sufficient doubts to warrant opposing Brett Kavanaugh’s confirmation for life to the highest court in the land.


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Anonymous

Sadly, it sounds like only 7 of those who voted, were viewing the LAW of "innocent until proven guilty" as of utmost importance. There is currently NO proof of the allegations against him. Yes, his character can be doubted because of his over-reacting to the pressure and accusations, but to imply that the allegations are 'credible' with NO real proof other than her words (which could be false), is very disturbing. I am certainly worried about your decision on this topic.

Anonymous

so ACLU- guilty until proven innocent is the new law of your land?

Anonymous

Unless you're Merrick Garland.

Anonymous

Garland was never accused of anything.

Anonymous

I agree 100% with Alan Dersowitch, with ACLUs partisan stance on the Kavanaugh nomination it has lost all credibility. It is a shame. ACLU leadership needs to be removed.

Anonymous

I never minded the ACLU being partisan. The Right has its own lawyers and groups that interpret the Constitution with a right-leaning slant so it balances out. However, abandoning the Constitution altogether is unforgivable.

Marc Pagan

Thanks for reinforcing my decision not to donate to the ACLU.

Dr. Timothy Leary

You take your donation and stick it in your wicker man. The ACLU does not need donations from Pagans.

Anonymous

You are a bunch of hypocrites. You claim to support EVERYONE’S civil rights. Yet you are going to oppose Judge Kavanaugh’s nomination because you find him guilty based on the ACCUSATIONS of Dr. Ford. Your reasoning states you don’t like his attitude and doubt his credibility. However, there are plenty of reasons to question the credibility of Dr. Ford even though it isn’t politically correct. She doesn’t remember specific details concerning the date, place, and and how she got home from the party. She can’t remember the other attendees, not even her best friend at the time. I realize a sexual assault may cause certain parts of the evening to stand out more than others, but the amount of inconsistencies makes this whole story look fabricated. Add on the other discrepancies about being afraid of small spaces, having only one door in her house, fear of flying, etc. and I don’t understand how you can possibly use her testimony BY ITSELF to oppose Judge Kavanaugh. Also, since when is an attitude a mature intelligent reason to oppose a person? I would expect an enlightened organization like yours to know that the attitude conveyed by a person does not always represent what everyone assumes. Has anyone read “The Stranger” by Albert Camus? Why don’t you just admit you don’t like his politics?

Anonymous

You are despicable for this blatant attack on civil liberties.

You have decided to be a part of the lynch mob who is after a person who has had accusations leveled against him that have ZERO evidence and facts.

You used to be about due process, individual rights and freedoms. You are hypocrites, liars and what you are doing is unconstitutional and against everything this country was about.

Ford is not credible as there are no facts; she cannot even remember the person who got her home from the alleged attack. Your statement is disingenuous and treasonous to your own mandates and mission statement.

I believe her - I believe Rachel Mitchell; I believe Karen Monahan; I believe Juanita Broaddrick; I believe Kathleen Willey; I believe Paula Jones.

I don't hear you defending them.

Enjoy your Soros dollars. You are no longer a valid entity.

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