Status of 2014 Domestic Drone Legislation in the States

Updated 6/30/14

Since last year, surveillance drones have been the subject of fierce debate both among legislators and the public, giving rise to an impressive amount of legislation—proposed and enacted—to protect individuals’ privacy.

Working closely with our lobbyists in state capitols around the country, we’ve been tracking drone legislative activity and working hard to make sure privacy-protective bills become law. The chart below shows the current status of the 2014 state legislation as we understand it. It also includes the bills that became law in 2013. We will keep the below chart up-to-date as we receive new information.

Like last year, almost all of the bills we’re seeing require law enforcement to get a probable cause warrant before using a drone in an investigation. This year, though, much of the proposed legislation is more complex, taking into account the more challenging issues like what to do with information that is collected incidentally to lawful drone use, how long law enforcement can hang on to drone-collected data, and how to handle government access to information collected by third-party drones. This may be one reason that drones legislation is moving more slowly this year.

If you are interested in the full complement of 2013 legislative activity, you can find that information here. We have also posted analyses of the first drone bills to become law and the first drones bills introduced, and we released a report on drones available here.

Totals:
2014 legislation introduced in 36 states, active in 22 states, and enacted in 4 states.
Overall (2013-2014): laws enacted in 13 states.

State

Status

Notes

Alabama Passed Senate.  Legislature adjourned without further action. Covers private use of drones to document hunting and fishing
Alaska Introduced; legislature adjourned without futher action.  
Arizona Introduced.  Legislature adjourned without further action.  
California Passed House and passed Senate committee  
Connecticut Introduced. Legislature adjourned without furhter action.  
Florida Legislation enacted in 2013  
Georgia Introduced; legislature adjourned without further action.  
Hawaii Passed Senate; legislature adjourned without further action.  
Idaho Legislation enacted in 2013  
Illinois Legislation passed both chambers and awaiting governor's signature to update legislation enacted in 2013. Updates the 2013 law to cover law enforcement access to information gathered by third-party drones
Indiana

Legislation enacted, goes into effect July 1, 2014.

 
Iowa Legislation enacted.  
Kansas Introduced. Legislature adjourned without further action.  
Kentucky Introduced; legislature adjourned without further action  
Louisiana Passed Senate.  Legislature adjourned without further action. Bill contains a number of prohibitions on private use of drones and very few meaningful protections from drone surveillance by law enforcement.
Maryland Died in committee  
Massachusetts Introduced  
Michigan Introduced  
Minnesota Died in committee  
Missouri Passed House.  Legislature adjourned without further action.  
Montana Legislation enacted in 2013  
Nebraska Indefinitely postponed  
New Hampshire Dead for this year (referred for interim study)  
New Jersey Governor "pocket vetoed" a 2013 bill at the beginning of 2014.  
New York Introduced  
North Carolina Two-year moratorium enacted (PDF, p. 41) in 2013. Legislature is engaged in an interim study process that will likely produce further legislation. Legislature does not convene until May 12.
Ohio Passed committee  
Oklahoma Passed committee. Legislature adjourned without further action.  
Oregon Legislation enacted in 2013  
Pennsylvania Introduced  
Rhode Island Held for further study  
South Carolina Passed House.  Legislature adjourned without further action. Passed House unanimously
Tennessee Legislation enacted in 2013.

2014 legislation enacted, goes into effect July 1, 2014

2013 law covers law enforcement use of drones. 2014 law covers private use of drones to document hunting and fishing

Texas Legislation enacted in 2013  
Utah

Legislation enacted, goes into effect May 13, 2014.

 
Vermont Introduced; legislature adjourned without further action.  
Virginia

Legislation enacted in 2013

2014 bill introduced; legislature adjourned without further action

 
Washington Passed both chambers, VETOED by governor  
West Virginia Introduced; legislature adjourned without further action.  
Wisconsin

Legislation enacted, went into effect April 9, 2014.

 
Wyoming Bill introduced; legislature adjourned without further action.  

 

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Anonymous

Add Louisiana.

The senate passed SB330 today which makes it illegal to photo anyone from a UAV who is on private property, without their express consent.

It now goes to the House.

If you have paranoid neighbors, expect a knock on your door from police who want to take a look at all of your computer hard drives. Sheesh.

Anonymous

SB 330 in Louisiana makes it a crime to photograph anyone on private property, using a UVA. It now goes to the House.

http://legiscan.com/LA/text/SB330/2014

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