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U.N. Holds U.S. Accountable for Human Rights Violations at Home and Abroad

By Astrid Reyes, ACLU Human Rights Program at 6:32pm

"The United States is abandoning its role as the global champion of human rights," warned Jimmy Carter in a 2012 New York Times op-ed. Less than two years later, Carter's warning has been vindicated. Yesterday, the U.N. Human Rights Committee issued a blistering report on the U.S. government's role in perpetuating injustices both within its borders and abroad.

This month in Geneva, the U.S. faced a barrage of questions from renowned human rights experts regarding its compliance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), one of the few international human rights treaties the U.S. has ratified. During the extensive review, the committee raised critical points about the United States' responses to questions on issues such as counter-terrorism operations overseas, treatment of migrants, racial disparities in the criminal justice system, and felon disenfranchisement laws. The U.N. committee's findings and recommendations (called "Concluding Observations") address many of the issues raised by ACLU and other groups in reports and briefings that took place prior to the US review.

The committee condemned the United States' lack of accountability for disappearance, torture, and unlawful killings of terrorism suspects, and its failure to apply the ICCPR to international operations. In addition, the committee denounced racial disparities in law enforcement that have led to the incarceration of a disproportionate number of minorities (particularly Blacks and Latinos), effectively denying them basic human rights throughout the criminal justice process. This includes severe sentencing such as the death penalty and life without parole for juveniles; improper use of solitary confinement; and denial of civil rights following incarceration (most notably, the right to vote).

While the committee noted several areas where the U.S. record has improved since its last review in 2006, the Concluding Observations include important structural recommendations, such as creating an independent human rights monitoring body and expanding existing mechanisms to monitor the implementation of human rights at federal, state, local and tribal levels – providing them with adequate human and financial resources.

The ICCPR review process perfectly exemplified "naming and shaming", a human rights tactic widely used by the U.S. government against other states, but one that too often is not effectively used against the United States itself. Although the committee's findings are not legally binding, they carry an important moral weight and demonstrate that international tolerance of U.S. "exceptionalism" is declining.

Within one year, the U.S. government is required to submit a follow-up implementation report on four key recommendations: gun violence (including Stand Your Ground laws), lack of accountability for the Bush administration's violations of human rights, closing Guantánamo, and NSA surveillance. We are urging the Obama administration to immediately take concrete steps to rectify the human rights violations identified within the review and work with Congress, state, and local governments as well as civil society to implement the committee's recommendations. This will be important step towards regaining U.S. moral leadership to champion human rights globally.

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