Federal Judge Blocks President Trump’s Illegal Asylum Ban

UPDATE, Nov. 20, 2018: Late Monday night, a federal judge issued a temporary restraining order blocking President Trump’s asylum ban while the suit moves forward. The order will be in effect until Dec. 19 at least, when there will be another hearing on the ban. In his order, Judge Jon S. Tigar of the U.S. District Court in San Francisco wrote, “The rule barring asylum for immigrants who enter the country outside a port of entry irreconcilably conflicts with the INA [Immigration and Naturalization Act] and the expressed intent of Congress. Whatever the scope of the President’s authority, he may not rewrite the immigration laws to impose a condition that Congress has expressly forbidden.” 

Claiming that the illegal entry of immigrants across the southern border of the United States is a national crisis, President Trump on Friday issued a proclamation purporting to bar the entry of all persons entering the United States at any place other than an official port of entry.  

The Trump administration’s action is contrary to the founding values of the country — welcoming homeless refugees to our shores. It also violates U.S. law, so we, along with the Center for Constitutional Rights and the Southern Poverty Law Center, filed suit against the administration on behalf of several nonprofit organizations that provide assistance to refugees and asylum seekers. The plaintiffs include the East Bay Sanctuary Covenant, Al Otro Lado, Innovation Law Lab, and the Central American Resource Center.

Federal law specifically guarantees that “[a]ny alien who is physically present in the United States or who arrives in the United States,” at a designated port of entry or not, is entitled to apply for asylum. In writing that law, Congress was specific and clear that immigrants who fear persecution in their home countries are entitled to seek asylum regardless of how they entered the United States.

This right is particularly important because U.S. government officials are routinely denying entry to asylum seekers at official ports of entry. We and our partners have documented numerous instances of Border Patrol agents arbitrarily and unreasonably delaying access to the asylum process by threatening, intimidating, providing misinformation, and using physical force to turn away people seeking asylum.

The administration claims that the southern border is overwhelmed with migrants and that it does not have the capacity to process the huge number of asylum applications. But in fact, migration at the southern border is far lower now than it has been in recent years. The number of migrants apprehended by Border Patrol officials at the U.S.-Mexico border in 2017 is the lowest annual number since 1972.

This so-called crisis at the border has been manufactured by the Trump administration to justify its anti-immigrant and anti-refugee agenda. In fiscal year 2018, Customs and Border Protection processed 1.25 million fewer people arriving at the southern border than in fiscal year 2000, despite having a budget and staff that has doubled since then. Despite this, asylum seekers who wish to present at the San Ysidro Port of Entry are currently waiting an average of four to six weeks in Tijuana due to an alleged lack of CBP capacity.

Earlier this summer, only six asylum seekers were processed each day at the port of entry in Nogales, despite a backlog of more than 100 people waiting in Mexico to apply. The port is capable of holding 47 people at a time.

These asylum seekers are fleeing some of the most dangerous countries in the world. Many come from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras, and they are running from life-or-death situations, leaving everything behind to make a dangerous journey. In particular, violence against women by criminal armed groups has escalated dramatically in Central America, and home governments have been unable or unwilling to provide effective protection from persecution.

Upon being turned away from ports of entry, some have been raped, beaten, and kidnapped and held for ransom by cartel members waiting outside. Even shelters outside ports of entry are not always safe, as cartels often infiltrate them. Because they need to reach safety as quickly as possible, and because of CBP’s seemingly deliberate efforts to stop asylum seekers from entering, many feel compelled to enter the United States along the border, outside of a port of entry, in order to escape their persecutors and the violence on Mexico’s side of the border. 

The Trump administration is spreading fears that people who do not have legitimate asylum claims may file applications. But U.S. law is already set up to address such claims. The solution is to ensure that there are adequate asylum officers to efficiently make determinations as to who has legitimate asylum claims and who does not. The solution is not to send the military to the border and issue a blanket denial to all asylum seekers who don’t cross at points of entry — thereby gravely endangering those who have legitimate asylum claims.

Learn more about the case

According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, in fiscal year 2015, 82 percent of the women from El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Mexico who were subject to a credible fear screening by an asylum officer were found to have a significant possibility of establishing eligibility for asylum or protection under the Convention Against Torture. Between fiscal years 2014 and 2016, 12,350  people from El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras were granted asylum.

President Trump has claimed that migrants are abusing our system by requesting political asylum and then disappearing into the country and never showing up for their immigration hearings. In fact, once asylum seekers pass their initial screenings — known as credible fear interviews — and are released into the United States, they overwhelmingly show up for their immigration hearings. According to data from the Department of Justice, in fiscal year 2017, 89 percent of asylum seekers appeared for their hearings.

We intend to make sure this continues to be the case and look forward to seeing the administration in court.

View comments (61)
Read the Terms of Use

Anonymous

They literally posted the law Trump's order is violating in the post.
https://www.uscis.gov/ilink/docView/SLB/HTML/SLB/0-0-0-1/0-0-0-29/0-0-0-1687.html

When exactly should our jurisdiction apply, then? If we can't enforce people violating our border until they go across some magical line signifying it, then we can't DO anything until they cross the border. That's how asicine your argument sounds.

Also, Mexico is still a very dangerous place, especially with the Cartels (funded by USA drug users) all around.

Anonymous

Isn't the ACLU the American ( U.S.A. ) Civil Liberties Union, created to stand up for and defend U.S. citizens, resident green card holders, legal visa holders, etc. rights? I commend you for standing up for U.S. civil rights according to our Bill of Rights and the Constitution, but the migrants do according to our laws have to enter legally. Also how can you file a lawsuit based on something which might or might not happen as well as stand up for non documented migrants/ non citizens? From a 10th Generation US citizen who is Bi-Partisan and votes not by party but on issues. Thanks!

Anonymous

"Also how can you file a lawsuit based on something which might or might not happen"

Do you even know what a Proclamation is? It cannot be used to usurp the Constitution -- so suing would be the right thing to do. But we agree . . . Thanks ACLU!

Anonymous

The ACLU mentions the danger refugees escape from yet never mentions the danger Americans face with their arrival.Gangs,terrorists,and other violent criminals are among the predominantly male invasion.It's no surprise that such an anti American,globalist supporting organization would push such an agenda.You won't win.Regardless of the outcome in court they will be stopped.

Anonymous

Except that US citizens are more likely to break the law than undocumented immigrants. Also, interesting of you to claim that regardless of the rule of law, you'll do what you want any way. So much for not being a criminal.

Dr. Joseph Goebbels

I think that being granted asylum should not be easy process. I don't think that the U.S. of A. or any country should be handing out asylums like they are cocktail napkins.

Anonymous

And as a United States citizen who pays taxes to pay for those illegals I am suing you for violation of my constitutional right. I’m one who actually has the right to do that and I don’t have to use the loopholes either

Anonymous

Can’t we sue illegal aliens for all money that it’s costing American taxpayers or their government. Also USA government need to stop sending money to countries if their peoples are leaving. Why is American taxpayers is paying money to these countries when most their peoples are in America American taxpayers are paying double

Anonymous

What "constitutional right" are you even talking about? Undocumented immigrants provide more towards our taxes (because they do not get tax returns) than any large corporation.

Anonymous

When will we have news about this sue

Pages

Stay Informed