Attorney General Barr Says ICE Has Power to Lock Up Asylum Seekers Without Hearings

Today the ACLU, the ACLU of Washington, the American Immigration Council, and Northwest Immigrant Rights Project launched a legal challenge to the Trump administration’s latest assault on people who have come to the United States to seek refuge from persecution: jailing asylum seekers without even allowing a judge to decide if there’s any reason to lock them up. Attorney General William Barr’s recent decision in Matter of M-S- seeks to eliminate this basic form of due process and puts thousands of asylum seekers at risk of being wrongfully imprisoned. 

M-S- specifically applies to individuals who enter the United States without documents and are apprehended by the authorities soon after they cross the border. Under the immigration laws, those individuals can be deported immediately—unless an asylum officer finds, after an interview, that they have a “credible fear” of persecution or torture, meaning there is a “significant possibility” that they legally qualify for asylum. Asylum seekers who pass this screening will then move on to a hearing on their asylum claims in immigration court.

ICE has the authority to detain asylum seekers while these immigration court proceedings move forward. But the asylum seekers addressed in M-S- have, until now, had the right to a bond hearing where an immigration judge would decide if he or she posed a flight risk or danger to the community and should be locked up, or should instead be released from custody.

M-S- eviscerates that basic form of due process. If the decision is allowed to go into effect, asylum seekers will now be locked up without any hearing before a judge. Instead, they will be left only with the option of asking ICE for release through what’s known as the “parole process”—a process that courts have found to be a sham. If not stopped, M-S- could result in the detention of thousands of men and women who shouldn’t be behind bars.

The decision also puts asylum seekers who have already been released on bond in jeopardy. Our lead plaintiff, Yolany Padilla, is seeking asylum from violence and persecution in Honduras, with her 6-year-old son. An immigration judge ordered her release on an $8,000 bond. Under the Attorney General’s decision, Yolany now faces the risk of being redetained—and separated from her child—even though a judge found she poses no flight risk and no threat to anyone.

For more than a century, the Supreme Court has held that all persons who have entered the United States have due process rights, and the Court has emphasized that “[f]reedom from imprisonment . . . lies at the heart of the liberty” protected by the Due Process Clause of the Constitution. The bedrock form of due process against unlawful detention is a hearing, before a neutral adjudicator, to decide if the person should be locked up. M-S- violates that basic right.

The decision is also pointlessly cruel and irrational. It makes no sense to lock people up without even having a judge consider whether they should be detained—it simply guarantees that we will imprison people who don’t need to be imprisoned. That is especially true when it comes to asylum seekers. Studies confirm that asylum seekers pose no threat to public safety and are highly motivated to fight their cases and show up for court. And nothing about a hearing prevents detention in the rare case where someone does pose a risk: the judge can just deny release. 

But ultimately this isn't about rational immigration policy or protecting public safety. The Trump administration always has made its real motives clear: it wants to deter immigrants from seeking refuge in the United States and punish people who apply for protection under our laws. But our Constitution does not allow the government to put people behind bars without due process of law.

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Very well stated! Where is the "ACLU" when our President's civil liberties are being infringed upon? The ACLU has proven to be a partisan organization not worthy of non-profit status in this country. They should correct all their organizational documents to state the true meaning of their organization.


The First Amendment doesn’t give you the right to lie, commit crimes, or cover-up illegal activity.


All asylum seekers should be locked up until their cases are heard. Especially the young men and women. Most of them will not go their hearing and will blend in America. Deport them all back to their own countries. I have read about illegal aliens activists who fight in America but are to weak spineless cowards who cannot fight in their own countries what a joke they are.


These are NOT asylum seekers nor is this immigration, rather it is an INVASION of ILLEGAL ALIENS into our once great country!

We already have some 30 million plus ILLEGAL ALIEN INVADERS, and now we MUST STOP this continued invasion in its tracks. ALL MUST BE DEPORTED BACK TO THEIR OWN COUNTRY.

Time to SHUT DOWN our southern border and STOP ALL FEDERAL-AID going to foreign countries. Start charging a 25% REMITTANCE FEE ON ALL MONEY BEING SENT TO MEXICO, and other Central American countries.

BOYCOTT MEXICO, and other Central American countries!!!

END DACA, End Chain Migration, End Anchor babies, Make E-VERIFY MANDATORY, REDUCE the number of legal immigrants entering the USA, CLOSE LOOPHOLES in our immigration laws, End TPS, Build the Wall, and ENFORCE our current immigration laws.


The invasion started before 1986 and has continued to this day, only many times the total each year going even higher of ILLEGAL ALIEN INVADERS entering the US ILLEGALLY.

Time to put our military on our southern border and finally put a STOP to this insane madness. If that means separating children from their parents in order to prosecute the ILLEGAL INVADERS, then so be it!


What business do we have interfering with parental custody of migrant children. These 14,000 + ILLEGAL ALIEN MINORS who are in our system and we are paying for their care, they should be immediately returned to their home countries. They should first be returned to their parents and if they cannot, then the governments of these countries should take custody, provide care, and then work to reunify with the family. This is completely insane that our country is allowed to retain custody, simply because of our arrogance. RETURN ALL OF THESE MIGRANT CHILDREN HOME!!

Ms. Gloria Anasyrma

The ACLU has censored my comment here.

Ms. Gloria Anasyrma

The ACLU censored my original comment here and it was not off topic or deliberately provocative.


Yep, ACLU is a bigoted bunch of racist and determined to destroy this country.

Good thing is, it will never happen and the 2nd amendment assures that.


Yep, I figured my comment would be banned.. ACLU and 1st Amendment is in conflict.


The ignorance and cruelty is astonishing and disgusting both. Thank You ACLU for fighting for right!!


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