Can Businesses Turn LGBT People Away Because of Who They Are? That’s Up to the Supreme Court Now.

The United States Supreme Court just agreed to decide a case about whether a business can refuse to sell commercial goods to a gay couple because of the business owner’s religious beliefs.  A win for the business could gut the nation’s civil rights laws, licensing discrimination not just against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people, but against anyone protected by our non-discrimination rules. 

In July 2012, Debbie Munn accompanied her son, Charlie Craig, and his fiancé, Dave Mullins, to the Masterpiece Cakeshop just outside of Denver  to pick out a cake for their wedding reception.  When the bakery’s owner heard that the cake was for two men, he said he wouldn’t sell them a cake because of his religious beliefs. 

Debbie was stunned and humiliated for Charlie and Dave.  As she has  said, “It was never about the cake.”  She couldn’t believe that a business would be allowed to turn people away because of who they are or whom they love.  They might as well have posted a sign in the shop saying “No cakes for gays.”

The Colorado courts agreed with Debbie and ruled that the bakery’s refusal was unlawful and rejected the bakery’s request for a religious exemption from the state’s longstanding non-discrimination law. 

By granting review in Charlie and Dave’s case, the Supreme Court has placed  a spotlight on supposed tensions between equality and religious liberty.  But the country has already found the right balance between these two important constitutional interests. 

Under the Constitution, we each have the right to our own religious beliefs.  We are empowered to act on those beliefs --  but not when our actions would harm others.  That’s because religious freedom doesn’t give anyone the right to discriminate against or harm other people.

When businesses open their doors to the public, they must open them to everyone on the same terms, regardless of race, color, national origin, disability, or – under many state  laws – sex, sexual orientation, or gender identity. Even when  a business owner’s religious beliefs may motivate her to discriminate, that doesn’t justify an exemption from our civil rights laws.  Providing commercial services, like selling cakes, doesn’t mean a business owner is endorsing anyone’s marriage.  It simply means they are following the rules that apply to us all.

Demands for religious exemptions from civil rights laws are not new.  In the past, businesses have repeatedly sought to pay women less than men because of a religious belief that men are “heads of household” and women should not work outside the home.  Other businesses have refused service to people living with HIV because of a belief that they are sinful.  Still others turned people away from restaurants because of their belief that they should not  interact with people of a different race.  The courts rightly rejected all of these claims for religious exemptions, despite the fact that they were based on deeply held beliefs. 

There’s no reason that religious exemptions should be any more acceptable when it comes to turning people away because of religious beliefs about  sexual orientation or gender identity.  Courts across the country have agreed, including a decision from the Washington State Supreme Court  in February.  

The religious exemptions issue has gained prominence recently as civil rights protections for gay and transgender people have become more widespread.  States have proposed laws that would license discrimination by businesses, government workers, adoption agencies, and counselors.  Congress has considered similar measures. And President Trump has signed an executive order that signaled his intent to use religious exemptions to advance discrimination. But polling shows that both the American public and business owners themselves reject these overbroad exemptions and recognize them as discrimination. 

Charlie’s mom was right:  It’s not about the cake. Or the flowers. It’s about not being turned away from a business because of who you are.  Religious freedom must be protected in America, but what’s going on here is pure  discrimination. 

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Eli Samuel Goldman

Jared Kushner and daughter Ivanka of 2nd generation Klu Klux Klan member Donald J. Trump claim to be Jewish Orthodoxy, but violate the Shabbat (the Sabbath) while riding to a Christian Church.

Eli Samuel Goldman

Below is a long passage from Haaretz, whose staff and writers i owe thanks to as they said much of what I feel perfectly. Except the article states that it's possible after scapegoating and attacking Muslims Jews are "not far behind." The author seems ignorant to the fact I've been victim of Trump and his anti-Semitic followers for ten years and six years every day in Oklahoma and I AM JEWISH!!!! Not far behind? Trump is perported to be a ranking member of the KKK and has been since (at least) 1986, his father was a member of the KKK since the 1920s!!!!! "Trump eerily parallels the story of Charlemagne, the 8th century King of the Franks. According to Levi, “Charlemagne was keen to marry his daughter to a Jew who would…cement the support of the Jewish people.”

There are other examples of such Jewish advisers throughout world history, and many of these individuals share common characteristics: their power is precarious, and their interests are frequently aligned with their patrons rather than with their community. Most ominously, the failures of the rulers they serve are often laid at the feet of the Jewish scapegoat and his brethren by the rulers’ anti-Semitic followers. All of these traits perfectly describe the role Kushner has played in an attempt to soften, rationalize, and put a friendly Jewish face on the vile hatred of his father-in-law. These characteristics foreshadow the cyclical choreography of anti-Semitism.

Donald Trump and his incoming administration represent the antithesis of the core Jewish values of recognizing the inherent human dignity of all people and protecting the most vulnerable in society. He ran a campaign that scapegoated racial and religious minorities, and will undoubtedly run the country the same way. Jews must remember the hard lessons we’ve learned before: White supremacy and white nationalism - philosophies that frequently guide the politics of Steve Bannon and even Trump himself - are inextricably linked with anti-Semitism. When Trump advocates for policies that threaten Muslims or immigrants, it is entirely possible that Jews are not far behind.

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It’s worth noting that Kushner is an Orthodox Jew, and as such a member of a group whose political views are deeply out of step with the American Jewish community as a whole. We saw this trend play out in the 2016 election, with 76 percent of the Jewish community rejecting and voting against Trump, while segments of the Orthodox community embraced him. Orthodox Jews comprise only 10 percent of the American Jewish community, yet Kushner’s appointment will contribute to a dangerous distortion of what our community stands for and believes in.

The reality is simple: Jared Kushner is not interested in upholding the values that the vast majority of American Jews share. If he were, he would have distanced himself from the Trump campaign many months ago, just as most American Jews opposed Trump when he threatened American ideals with a Muslim registry, called Mexicans rapists and murders and began to intimidate the press. Kushner didn’t act as a representative of the majority of our community then, and he cannot be counted on to protect or represent Jews now.

While being fearful is justified, ingratiating ourselves to an incoming president who has shown nothing but disdain, intolerance and bullying behavior to other minority communities will make us complicit in his bigotry. Rather, the way to create safety for the Jewish community is to join in solidarity with the other likely targets of a Trump Administration: Muslims, immigrants, women, people of color, and those living in poverty. In forming bonds of mutual support and protection, an alliance of American Jews and historically oppressed people is our strongest line of collective defense against the threats to come.

Stosh Cotler is the CEO of Bend the Arc, an organization that brings progressive Jews together to advocate and organize for a more just and equal society.

David Rubin

Around the beginning of the 20th Century, my grandfather had the Jewish name, Wexelbaum. For fear of antisemitism, he changed his name to Weck and hid his Judaism. Thankfully, we came up with anti-discrimination laws, so people don't have to hide what they are. Now, in the name of religion, gays, Jews and others may have to hide again.


The above statement of the facts of this case represents what the ACLU wishes were the facts of the case, but not what they really are. I think everyone should look at the real facts without the spin, and see that Masterpiece did not discriminate against any customer; they only refused to provide a certain service which they would equally refuse to provide to any customer, no matter their orientation. Likewise, they were willing to service these customers in the same way they offer to service other customers - selling anything in their bake shop without any questions as to what type of person the customer is, or what they will do with the product after leaving the shop. The legally correct decision in this case is the politically incorrect decision - in favor of Masterpiece, finding that no discrimination has occurred.


It is the right of a business to refuse service to a customer. It is the right of a customer to refuse to patronize a business. Sounds like this is about law suits and how much money i can sue for. If you refuse me service, I'll take my business elsewhere.


But a muslim Cab driver can legally refuse a person with a service dog because his religion says dogs are unclean. Where is the ACLU on that one?


......But a Muslim cab driver can refuse to offer his services to a person with a service dog (even when he does not even own the cab company) because his religious beliefs say dogs are unclean Where was the ACLU for these cases?

A Person

I think it was okay for the man to refuse the two gay men service. No, I am not homophobic. In fact, I strongly support the idea behind homosexuality because I was raised to believe that people have a right to run their life so long as they aren’t harming anybody else. If a man loves a man and a woman loves a woman, they have a right to love who they love and other people don’t necessarily have the right to judge them or belittle them. Just because you disagree with someone’s perspective doesn’t mean they should be any less to society. What does bother me however is the homosexual couples who find it necessary to make a big deal out of small incidents that occur. For example, this situation. They had asked the man to make them a gay cake for their wedding. The man had not refused them service, he had not refused to sell them anything, he hadn’t insulted them in any way, shape or form, HOWEVER he did decline to make them a gay cake, because it was against his religion. I believe it was absolutely okay for him to deny making them a cake because it was his own shop, if he wasn’t making them the cake then he wasn’t receiving any profit from them, he had been polite through the whole situation and he had a good reasoning behind why he would not make the cake. If it isn’t okay for him to refuse service because of his religion, the shouldn’t it be not okay for a Muslim to wear a hijab? That's a terrible example, but that's beside the point. Does it not state in our 1st amendment that people are entitled to their own religious beliefs? If it hadn’t been okay to refuse homosexual couples service because of their religion, then isn’t that a violation of their 1st amendment rights? Please do not take this the wrong way, I have many many friends who are homosexual and I fully support them because I truly believe people are allowed to love who they feel attracted to.


I would like to agree with you 101% and I wish to add like in education, schools who receive federal financial aids must abide by the federal government rules and regulations. If the shop owner is receiving state funds than he/she must serve everyone that steps in to the shop for cakes.But if its your own business, the legislators now need to pass laws that protect the interest of both parties on the ground of equal rights.


Well to be completely fair, the couple didn’t request a “gay cake”, they requested a wedding cake for their wedding that just happened to be gay. The cake was no different from your average wedding cake.


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