Should the Government Be Punished When It Lies to the Courts?

This was originally posted on The Huffington Post.

Should the government be allowed to lie to the courts in the name of national security? This is the question that judges on the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals will have to consider in the next few weeks.

On Monday, the American Civil Liberties Union of Southern California (ACLU SoCal) asked the full Ninth Circuit to rehear a case in which the government repeatedly lied to a federal district judge about the existence of FBI surveillance documents.

If the judges of the Ninth Circuit fail to act, there will be grave repercussions for government transparency. Federal courts provide a check on the government's abuse of power -- a check that is more critical now than ever before, as individual judges decide so many fundamental questions about our rights in private, with nothing but the government's assurances to guide them. Allowing the government to lie to these very same courts -- knowing that there will be no punishment if they are caught -- puts the integrity of our judicial system at risk.

ACLU SoCal filed the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) case Islamic Shura Council v. FBI on behalf of several prominent, law-abiding Muslim community leaders and organizations who wanted to uncover information about the FBI's surveillance of them. The FOIA is a law Congress passed that gives courts the authority to order the government to turn over information to the public.

While the government disclosed some documents -- which revealed, among other things, that the FBI has spied extensively on the peaceful activities of Muslim community organizations, including their participation in immigration reform rallies -- it also lied to the court about the number and content of the documents it had kept secret. Only when U.S. District Judge Cormac Carney discovered the lies did the government reveal the whole truth and defend its actions, claiming that it had to mislead the court because even acknowledging the existence of the documents would have posed a threat to national security.

Courts have the power to impose sanctions for lies, and Judge Carney did so, fining the government for deceiving him. But the government appealed to the Ninth Circuit, and in July a three-judge panel ruled that the government could not be sanctioned. Why? The panel found that the government eventually "corrected" its lies -- even though it did so only after the judge uncovered the lies and ordered a full explanation.

The full court could -- and should -- rehear this case. The power of federal judges to review the conduct of the executive branch, both in FOIA cases and in others, hangs in the balance.

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Anonymous

"Correcting" a statement is revising after you have found yourself to be mistaken. Admitting the truth after it has been found out you are lying is a confession of guilt about the lie, and should not be used as leverage to avoid punitive action. Had it been anyone else making false claims to the court, there would have been repercussions, even if those statements were later "corrected". A government entity must be held to a standard that is at least equivalent to, if not higher than, that to which private citizens are held.

Anonymous

America has greatly changed, and it is sad to see it come to this. This intentional misleading, false statement "in the interest of national security" does not mean you had a right to make such a statement in court before a judge. If you can't honor the judicial system, then America is lost as a whole. Everything that is right and fair is gone. No more trust, honesty and respect...yet you ask others to be of such quality.

Catherine_2

If I went into court tomorrow and lied and the judge or the prosecutor found out I was lying and confronted me with it, and THEN I said "OK, you're right, I lied", how fast do you suppose that I would be charged with contempt of court and fined or even tossed in a cell? I doubt that any "corrected" argument would soften up the penalty, nor should it. The government of this country in recent decades, regardless of which party is in power, has done everything it can to set itself above the law. Not only American law, but international laws and ratified treaties, and even the very Constitution this country was founded on. They must be held accountable by the courts -- that is the court's function and really our last line of defense when the other two branches of government go off the rails.

Anonymous

I think the government should be held accountable when it lies and I believe they should be able to be thrown out of their positions on their faces for creating panic and crises where none should have existed.

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