Louisiana’s Infamous Angola Prison Goes on Trial

In November 2012, Shannon Hurd, who was serving a life sentence for stealing $14, began losing weight and experiencing flu-like symptoms. His symptoms worsened, and he developed a pain in his side. But doctors at the Louisiana State Penitentiary, also known as “Angola,” repeatedly dismissed his medical complaints.

He did not receive medical care in the weeks that followed. He did not receive medical care in the months that followed. And as he waited for basic medical care, a disease was spreading in his system. 

In the end, Hurd waited three devastating years before he was finally tested and diagnosed with kidney cancer. At that point, the tumors had already spread to his brain. Kidney cancer is generally treatable if it’s caught early. This was not the case here. By the end of 2015, Shannon had lost over 60 pounds. He was often numb in his fingers and feet.

Denied medical parole requests by prison officials, Shannon died in prison in March 2017. He was just 42 years old.

Shannon’s story is not an isolated tragedy but a symptom of prison officials’ chronic failure to provide adequate medical care to people incarcerated at the Louisiana State Penitentiary. It was nicknamed “Angola” for the former slave plantation on which the prison was built, and it is notorious for the brutality of its past and the cruelty of its present, as scores of men are subjected to unnecessary suffering, and even death.

It’s barbarous that a prison system could sentence someone to slow torture by an untreated medical condition. A court of law would not impose such a sentence. But today Louisiana has the highest rate of prison deaths per capita in the country.

In 2015, the ACLU of Louisiana sued, and last week our class action lawsuit challenging these inhumane and unconstitutional conditions finally went to trial. We are joined in court by our partners in the case, including the Promise of Justice Initiative, the Southern Poverty Law Center, Cohen Milstein Sellers & Toll, the Advocacy Center of Louisiana, and attorney Jeffrey Dubner.

Together, we are representing over 6,000 people incarcerated at Angola who have been systematically denied access to adequate healthcare.

Witnesses in the ongoing trial have described horror story after horror story about the cruel and dangerous lack of treatment at Angola. Farrell Sampier, who suffers from a condition that left him paralyzed from the waist down, testified that some patients went unfed and were left sitting in their own feces. Anthony Mandigo described the horrible pain he endures because Angola doctors will not prescribe effective pain medication for his sickle-cell anemia. Lawrence Jenkins told the court that he worries about dying from untreated Hepatitis C. Dr. Michael Puisis, an internal and correctional medicine expert, testified that Angola has one of the worst medical systems he has ever reviewed.

This abysmal treatment is especially harmful to people with disabilities, who have been denied access to even the most basic accommodations required by the Americans with Disabilities Act. One man, who is blind, received no help from prison officials and relied on the help of others incarcerated at Angola.

The trial has illuminated in gruesome detail how brutal treatment harms people during their incarceration, hampers their reentry into society, and violates the U.S. Constitution as well as federal law. The Eighth Amendment, adopted in 1791, bars “cruel and unusual” punishment. Scholars contend this ban was enacted to set America apart from the more brutal elements of the British empire. More than two centuries later, we are still fighting to defend this fundamental principle and the basic human dignity of all people, including those incarcerated in our prisons and jails.

This case is also a reminder that Louisiana has yet to address the greatest financial burden on its prison system: imprisoning old and infirm people long past the time they pose a danger to anyone. The state has more people serving life sentences without parole than Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi, Tennessee, and Texas combined. Sensible and humane release, which could lower costs, should be a part of a system that puts people and communities first in its decision making about who it incarcerates and for how long.  

If the true measure of a society can be found in how it treats its most vulnerable citizens, the cruel and dehumanizing treatment of incarcerated people at Angola is a harsh reflection on all of us.

Louisiana must do better, and we will keep fighting — in court, in the Legislature and in communities — until it does.

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My close neighbor went in at 18. He's serving a life sentence. He'll be riding today on a bull at the rodeo. That's when I usually see him once per year. All the jails and prisons in LA treat humans worse than anywhere else and get away with it. It makes me sick.

Roger Farquhar

On examination the Shannon Hurd case seems to be an outrageous travesty of justice. Despite considerable difference between the colour of his shirt (white stripes vs black stripes) and lack of any facial recognition by the witnesses he was found guilty and given 30 years, which then became life.

The court of appeal dismissed the obvious discrepancies and accepted the evidence as being “accurate details for the most part” and therefore rejected his appeal.


Melanie Oliver ...

My husband Joe Oliver died in Angola in December of 2017 from liver cancer that was not diagnosed until it was 4th stage cancer. I was a witness to the neglect of medical care the inmates receive. It is barbaric and inhumane. My husband was denied adequate care and he was denied palliative care for his pain as well even though the Oncologist repeatedly told Angola doctors that Joe needed palliative care to manage his extreme pain. But they didn't care so he died in my arms in terrible pain without Intervenus drugs for pain. Do you know what he got when I begged for them to give him something for the pain? A pain pill shoved under his tongue, even though he was delirious and unable to swallow. I hope that you win the lawsuit against them and that something is done to drastically improve conditions there. If possible I would like to participate in the class action lawsuit in any way possible. Please help the Angola inmates?!


I am so sirry. No one should be treated that way. I will fight for equal rights for all peoole.


My daughter's father just passed today, 1/5/2019 Diagnosed a little over a month ago with stage 4 prostate cancer. Did not catch it in the early stages. Our hearts break. We feel your pain.


If being an inmate, whether innocent or guilty of a crime, whether convicted or plead out, whether given a sentence by a jury of their peers or incarcerated by the inability to plead their case in a timely manner due to time constraints, clogged courts, over-paid but under-performing attorneys and judges, and in general, a lack of appropriate time management for jury trials and a miscarriage of justice in the entire justice system...

...means a person has to ever endure this sort of treatment...

...then this isn't a question of legal or not.

It's as it has always been...the human condition is rot with emotional damage and the deep-seeded, deeply-rooted, (what religions call demonic) need to torture people...

...and when abusers get their hands on power, they will always use it to destroy the souls of others.

A criminal, incarcerated, subjected to pain and suffering...is about revenge. It is the result of the community's need to punish. To inflict damage.

This is where children learn it.

From how we allow ourselves to be lesser beings as revenge...call it "justice" and then, when confronted with the rot and the filth...

...throw the game by claiming the inmate shouldn't have been a criminal.

Dahmer might have been depraved.

But I question...who is truly depraved...the criminal who, when free, destroys people...holds them captive, maybe kills or tortures them...

...or the person who gets paid to do the same things...supported by the mob mentality of a "criminal justice system" that says when you do it as a free person, you're depraved...

...but when you're a government employee or a privatized prison official, you're "just doing your job"?

I think the depravity is calling the free man a criminal and calling it justice to pay someone...anyone...ever...to recreate the so-called criminals offenses...and then tell the world it's fair.

That it's just.

It's not.

This nation, like all others, is sick. Sick in mind. Sick in soul.

And when you hold someone captive, by threat or force, hurt them...threaten them...beat them...starve them...even kill them...

YOU are a criminal.

Getting paid by your country's national infrastructure, or by some rich CEO who hired you, just makes you a paid criminal.

If you shoot and kill people, you are a killer.

Getting paid by the national military force or a local law enforcement system doesn't change that.

The biggest lie is that these systems exist for society's protection.

But police lie. Lawyers steal. Judges take payments.

More people are in prison unfairly, for sentences that didn't match the crime, for things they didn't even do, and are being treated like a sadistic killer treats their victims...than are actually being kept from the social world "for our safety".

People live in fear of going to prison because it's a state/federal place to die. Not a sentence to be served.

I judge my country, harshly, for thinking that being a depraved killer or rapist is bad when it was a free man...but justified and right when you're paid to behave with such demonic motives.

I think the lesser of all men (mankind) for this.


Thank you for your comment and passion and I agree with you.


It is so wrong that our justice system is slanted in the direction of the rich among us. I am for equal justice for all people, not just the few!


I advocate for a new style of judicial system for us get in USA, Resd about the success of
the Nordic judicial system.

Dr Christinie B...

Don't let this distract you from the the fact that in 1966, Al Bundy scored four touchdowns in a single game while playing for the Polk High School Panthers in the 1966 city championship game versus Andrew Johnson High School, including the game-winning touchdown in the final seconds against his old nemesis, Bubba "Spare Tire" Dixon.


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