The East Mississippi Correctional Facility Is 'Hell on Earth'

At the East Mississippi Correctional Facility, where Mississippi sends some of the most seriously mentally ill people in the state prison system, even the most troubled patients are routinely ignored and the worst cases of self-harm are treated with certain neglect. The conditions at EMCF have cost some prisoners their limbs, their eyesight, and even their lives.

In 2013, the ACLU, Southern Poverty Law Center, and prisoner rights attorney Elizabeth Alexander filed a class-action complaint on behalf of all the prisoners held at EMCF. As the case heated up, the law firm of Covington & Burling LLP joined as co-counsel, providing major staffing and support. Despite years of attempts by Mississippi to derail the lawsuit before our clients even saw the inside of the courtroom, the case will finally proceed to trial Monday.

The lawsuit against EMCF describes horrific conditions at the facility: rampant violence, including by staff against prisoners; solitary confinement used to excess, with particular harm to prisoners with mental illnesses; and filthy cells and showers that lack functional toilets or lights. It also sheds light on a dysfunctional medical and mental healthcare delivery system that puts patients at risk of serious injury and has contributed to deaths in custody.

Nowhere was this institutionalized neglect more clear than in the life, and death, of T.H., a patient at EMCF with a history of severe mental illness and self-harm. On Jan. 31, 2016, T.H. stuck glass into his arm. Instead of sending him to the emergency room, a nurse merely cleaned the wound with soap and water. The following day, he broke a light bulb and inserted the shards into his arm. This time he required eight stitches.

Less than two weeks later, he cut himself with a blade hidden in his cell and then tried to hang himself. It was only later that month, after he reopened his arm wound with more glass, that mental health staff finally placed him on special psychiatric observation status.

Yet, because he wasn’t properly monitored, T.H.’s series of self-injury continued unabated until April 4, 2016. Early that afternoon, he stuck his arm, dripping in blood, through a slot in his cell door and asked to see the warden. A lieutenant saw T.H.’s bloodied arm, but, rather than call for emergency assistance, simply left the area. Two hours later, T.H. was observed unresponsive on the floor of his cell.

E. Mississippi Correctional Blood on the Door

In response, the prison warden opted to call for a K-9 team to enter the cell with dogs before letting medical professionals examine the patient. By then it was too late — T.H. was dead, having strangled himself with materials from inside his cell. He never once had a proper suicide risk assessment or any treatment to address his self-harm.

The lackadaisical and unconstitutional approach that EMCF staff takes toward prisoner healthcare cost T.H. his life and has caused well-documented suffering among countless other mentally ill prisoners. And it all happens in the context of a prison rife with violence, where security staff often react with excessive force to mental health crises and allow prison gangs to control access to necessities of life, including at times food.

The Constitution requires that if the state takes someone into custody, it must also take on the responsibility of providing treatment for their serious medical and mental health needs. This means, among other measures, hiring qualified medical staff to provide necessary care for people with mental health disorders, creating systems for access to care so sick patients can see a mental health or medical clinician, and making sure that medical care is provided without security staff impeding it.

The ACLU and our co-counsel are fighting to ensure that such care is available at EMCF, where the state of Mississippi has continued to lock some of the most vulnerable prisoners in dangerous and filthy conditions and deny them access to constitutionally required mental health and medical care.

I witnessed those conditions firsthand when I visited EMCF in January 2011 with fellow ACLU attorney Gabriel Eber and two medical and mental health experts. At that time, we were horrified to discover that Mississippi’s designated mental health prison was closer to a vision of hell on earth than a therapeutic treatment facility.

E. Mississippi Correctional Medical Facility

When I walked into one of the solitary confinement units, the entire place reeked of smoke from recent fires. I tried to speak to patients about their experiences, but I could barely hear them over the sounds of others moaning and screaming while they slammed their hands into metal cell doors.

Despite repeated warnings from nationally renowned experts brought in to assess conditions at the prisons, a meeting with top Mississippi Department of Corrections officials, and an offer by the ACLU to help MDOC pay to diagnose and fix the problems at EMCF, Mississippi officials permitted these conditions to continue unabated. Rather than take responsibility for fixing this prison, these officials merely switched contractors. In 2012, they swapped out private prison giant GEO Group, Inc. and replaced them with another private prison company, Management & Training Corp., which is perhaps best known for its horrific record of abusing and neglecting immigrant detainees. The state has also switched prison medical contractors multiple times, with little improvement from one to the next.

But the nightmare might soon be over. Over seven years since we first visited the cesspool that is EMCF, our clients will be allowed in court for the first time, asking that their constitutional rights finally be recognized. That recognition won’t undo the great harms they’ve suffered. But by fulfilling the Constitution's promise of protection, we can stop new harms and horrors at EMCF, of which there have been too many for too long.

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Everybody in there need prayers I talks to a guy in there also we trying to see if he can get out under the new law just past July 1st


I talks to someone in there also it my just be your son what's his name if u don't mind me asking


Emcf female guards watch some of them inmates jack off I was told that and they bring cellphones to some of them in there this prison has nothing but cellphones, smokes and spice,watever that maybe.some of the guards knows about this and when they do a shake down they let's them now about it so they can hide them cells in the light ceiling I'm saying this cus this guy keeps calling my cousin on a cell after she check his record and he was in jail for sexual battery she stop talking to him now he keeps calling she blocks the number but he calls from different number like 10 different number I swear to u and she blocks all of them and he still calls from different number


The prison didn't take his life HE DID. The people are not forced to live there they chose to. Don't break the law, don't go to jail.... pretty simple.


Mississippi is a sh!thol&


My son just got transferred..14 deaths in August n no one knows nothing.. while my son was there. A inmate had tuberculosis.. they were supposed to quarantine them..n they never did.. my son lungs are starting to hurt 2 months later..n no one cares.. cause he is no longer human.. just a number.. my son got max 3 years for an ounce of marijuana which is legal in most states..n he is bunking with here...n who have life sentencing.. he made a mistake but we all do..n i pray every day i don't get a call.. but most likely i wouldn't cause they are so jacked up there.. the story's are unbelievable.. someone truly needs to help us have a voice. Stray animals are treated better..


Ever see that movie "Mississippi Burning"? You would think by the end of that movie, this fake and pretentious 3rd world dictatorship, this blight on The United States would have changed but the reality of it all is, this state has not changed much, not even since the days of the Civil War. It has ever since then only conspired and conjured up ways of deceiving, manipulating, MURDERING and oppressing people in other ways. This state is neither a democracy nor a republic, it's not even a state. If I had to define Mississippi, I would define it is 3rd world dict

Benjamin Rodriguez

I was locked up in this facility for over 2 years and when I was released back in the June, the place was just as bad as when I first walked through the doors. There are things that go on in the place that I wouldn't wish on anyone. The comment made about gauges bringing in contraband is 100% true; saw a guard pull 2 cellphones and some drugs out of her pants right outside the window on my zone and hand it straight to an inmate. I witnessed numerius unprovoked assaults on inmates by fellow inmates and guards as well as the lack of proper medical care. I broke my shoulder about 3 months after I got there and it took them almost 6 months and a call from my lawyer in order to get them to setup an orthopedic appointment and another 3 to get the surgery; as a result, I have limited range of motion in my shoulder because of how extensive the Dr had to repair my shoulder. The mental health care is a joke; the psych meds prescribed to inmates are no more than heavy sedatives. I could go on but it brings up too many bad memories. I hope the inmates still in there get the justice they deserve.


you should see the conditions at smci just as bad if not worse for mentally ill and aged prisoners


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