What’s Driving Religious Discrimination at the Alabama DMV?

NOTE - August 30, 2016: This post originally ran in April 2016.  Today the ACLU and ACLU of Alabama filed a federal lawsuit on Ms. Allen’s behalf, arguing that Lee County’s refusal to provide a religious accommodation to Ms. Allen violates her rights under the Alabama Constitution and the First Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.  The lawsuit asks the court to order Lee County officials to allow Ms. Allen to retake her driver license photo with her headscarf.

I have always been a spiritual being. Even as a young child I would spend countless hours delving into the tattered pages of my Bible. Though I often have failed, I have tried to remain obedient to God and his Word. But last December, at the Alabama Department of Motor Vehicles, my faith was tested in a way that was humiliating and demeaning.

In accordance with my Christian faith, I cover my hair with a headscarf, but the DMV refused to take my driver license photo unless I removed it. The DMV officials said only Muslims were allowed to keep their headscarves on for photos. I didn’t know what to do. Without question, I believe that Muslim women should not have to violate their faith just to take a driver license photo, but neither should Christian women.  

I couldn’t believe that DMV officials could discriminate against me in this way, and it turns out, they can’t. On Friday, the ACLU and ACLU of Alabama sent the state a letter, informing officials that what the DMV did was wrong and unconstitutional. The government can’t provide a religious accommodation to members of one faith while denying the same right to those of other faiths.

Wearing a headscarf is an integral part of my Christian beliefs. In 2011, I moved with my children to Alabama after the end of a 12-year relationship with their father. I was lost, confused, hurt, and broken. But I turned to God and spent hours in prayer and study.  During that time, it became clear to me that, to be obedient to God’s Word and show my submission to him, I had to cover my hair on a daily basis. In 1 Corinthians 11, Paul speaks very clearly without ambiguity about this. I have followed this command every day since and believe that removing my headscarf in public is extremely shameful and dishonors God.

Yet on that December day at the Lee County DMV office, I was forced into doing just that — or else officials said they would not renew my driver license, which was set to expire. As I posed for the photo, the clerk told me that I would have to remove my head covering and eyeglasses. 

I replied, “No ma’am, I don’t uncover my hair.” 

She asked me, “Is it for religious purposes?”

I smiled, “Yes, ma’am.” 

She then asked, “Are you Muslim?”

I responded, “No, Ma’am, I am Christian.”

She abruptly stated, “No, then you need to uncover your hair. Only Muslim women have the right to cover their hair in their driver license photos.”

I was horrified. A friend who had accompanied me saw the look on my face and quickly explained, “Ma’am she doesn’t uncover her hair ever.” The clerk, in a smug and condescending tone, replied, “You are not a Muslim, and Christian women don’t cover their hair.”   

I raised the issue with the clerk’s supervisor, but she too claimed that the rule was policy, adding that she was a Christian and does not cover her hair. I told the supervisor that while she is entitled to her interpretation of the Bible, so am I. She would not relent.  With no other choice — I could not be without a valid driver license — I agreed to remove my headscarf for the photo. I first politely asked whether the clerk could close the door while my hair was uncovered.  She refused. With tears in my eyes and utter disgust in my belly, I took the picture. 

As I have aged, life has handed me many challenges, prompting me to seek solace and guidance in the Bible and my faith. That did not change with the incident at the DMV. But I also knew that I could not stop there; I could not allow the DMV to discriminate against me or others, and that’s why I contacted the American Civil Liberties Union to help me vindicate my right to assert my religious beliefs and have them respected by the government.

I hope that the DMV officials will do the right thing without the need for litigation by allowing me to retake my photo with my headscarf and putting in place policies that ensure that no else endures the same treatment I did.

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Whilst I too find religion preposterous, I agree with Bill that it is not for the state to decide whose religious beliefs get to be accommodated and whose do not. The DMV employee who smugly asserted that because she too was a Christian she knew what was and was not required of Christians was very much in error.


Your self-righteous indignation is pathetic and revealing of a very low character. Atheists around the world are cringing at the disgusting portrait you are presenting. Grow up.


This isn't a Christian issue. We are to obey the laws of God as well as the laws of man. When in Conflict, God law is the one to follow but what you are talking about is Vanity and perhaps a bit of Jealousy. To make this right, what really should be done is make the law apply to everyone equally.


That was the point that the ACLU made. The religious exception for covering your head in the photo applies to everyone's beliefs.


I Cor. is preferring to "Praying" isn't it? ...not out at the DMV office. Am I missing something?


'God's laws'??? Did you bring proof for your claim that there is one, or two??


Good luck with that argument about which laws take precedence. You'll find you are very very much mistaken. (Hint: you don't get to stone anyone to death in this country, for example, regardless of what the Bible might happen to tell you on the topic.)

Erika Haggins

I am so proud that you didn't lay down to this misjustice. You were raised to speak up and fight for what is right. It also goes to show that people in those positions, in some cases have us between a rock and a hard place because we need the service they are providing. I applaud you and as my cousin, I love you. But, more than that as a Christian, I love you.


Any law, including the "supreme law of the land" is meaningless without risk of penalty for law breakers.

Sovereign Immunity for government officials also doesn't protect officials violating the U.S. Constitution. Even if mild, the ACLU should go after the DMV official's "personal" assets instead of making taxpayers pay for it. Unconstitutional activities are not official duties and not protected by sovereign immunity. The ACLU of Virginia successfully did this to a local sheriff obstructing a state FOIA law, making the sheriff pay court costs.

Sort of like the NYC "broken windows" theory for bureaucrats, prosecute small crimes to deter bigger crimes against the Constitution.


I like that a lot. It should also be done to police officers who violate citizen's constitutional rights. Go after their PERSONAL assets, and a lot of the nonsense will stop.


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