Family and Medical Leave Act

The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), enacted in 1993, was designed to address discrimination against workers who become pregnant, such as firing them or refusing to promote them when they need to take time off for pregnancy-related care and childbirth, or forcing them off the job by refusing to accommodate some women’s temporary restrictions on heavy lifting or other physical job duties. The FMLA also protects against employers that discriminate against women workers more generally, by firing or refusing to hire or promote women based on stereotypical assumptions that women in a certain age bracket will — or should — get pregnant, have children, and cost the employer money by leaving the workplace or shifting to a less work-intensive "mommy track."

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