Arizona Could Illegally Disenfranchise 500,000 or More Voters

The state of Arizona is violating the National Voter Registration Act, putting more than 500,000 voters at risk of being disenfranchised. The ACLU has repeatedly warned Arizona that it is violating the law, and yet it has failed to take the necessary steps to protect voters.

This weekend, we filed a federal lawsuit against Arizona Secretary of State Michele Reagan, nine months after first notifying her office of significant federal voting rights violations. The lawsuit asks the court to order Arizona to keep voters’ registration addresses up to date. To ensure that affected voters’ ballots count in the 2018 general election, we are also asking the court to instruct the secretary of state to count provisional ballots cast by affected voters and to send a mailing to all affected voters informing them of how to correct their registration address and locate polling location. The secretary of state has indicated that more than half a million of voters could require their addresses to be updated. 

Under the National Voter Registration Act, the federal government requires states to offer people the opportunity to register to vote in a wide range of settings. One of these requirements is that any time voters update their address through a motor vehicle agency, their voter registration address must also be simultaneously updated, unless they opt out. 

Arizona, however, is not making this simultaneous update, meaning that thousands of voters must either take the additional step of updating their own voter registration address or risk disenfranchisement.  The consequences could be especially dire given that almost 70 percent of Arizonans changed their residential address between 2000 and 2010, the second highest rate of any state. 

The state’s failure to update addresses could set off a chain of events for voters that lead to disenfranchisement. When someone moves, they are required to vote in the polling location for their new address. But Arizona voters whose registration address has not been updated by the secretary of state will not receive mailers that help them identify their new polling location.

As a result, many of these voters understandably return to their old polling location. Poll workers are supposed to instruct these voters to go to the polling location for their new address. But in many instances this does not happen or the voter is not able to get to the new location before the polls close. These voters don’t even have an option to cast a provisional ballot that will be counted, as Arizona state law doesn’t allow for them in that specific circumstance. Arizona consistently is at or near the top of the list of states that collect and reject the largest number of provisional ballots each election.  In the 2008 election, 14,885 out of precinct ballots were not counted, constituting 0.6 percent of total ballots cast. In the 2012 election, 10,979 ballots were cast out of precinct and thus not counted, which constituted 0.5 percent of all ballots cast.

For voters who opt to receive their ballot via mail, the consequences of the secretary of state’s failure to update their address are also severe. In 2016, approximately 75 percent of votes cast in Arizona were ballots received by mail. If someone who votes by mail moves and their registration address is not updated, they will not receive their ballot. Many voters don’t realize their ballot hasn’t arrived until it is too late to request that one be sent to their new address. Voters who do not receive their mail ballot and are unable to vote in person due to disabilities, employment schedules, transportation challenges, or caregiving responsibilities are disenfranchised.

Arizona needs to fix this problem before it’s too late. The right to vote for hundreds of thousands of people hangs in the balance.

This case is being brought by the ACLU, the ACLU of Arizona, Demos, the Lawyers Committee for Civil Rights Under Law, and the law firm Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner, on behalf of the League of Women Voters of Arizona, Mi Famila Vota and Promise Arizona.

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why not give those making out forwarding addresses at the post office, or for the post office another card to mail in to register to vote? As well as, or in addition to: ''?

Emery Pearson

I found out this happened to me.

I specifically updated my address through the MVD website for voter registration, but the MVD didn't update Maricopa's voters registration, my orginal early ballot was sent to the wrong address.

Called in to correct my address and send a second one. Second one was also sent to the old address.

Today, election day, I again requested them to update my address. But I have no idea which polling location I am supposed to go to, as when you look up either of my addresses, the Maricopa website can't identify ANY polling places.


My ID had my old address although I updated it with MVD 2 years ago. I receive all my mail related to early ballots,etc at my current address. The people working at the polls told me I could not vote because my DL has my old address. Really??? I had to pull up a bank statement on my phone to prove where I live. Yes, I got to vote but really??? I asked them what happens to homeless people who are legally able to vote. The answer I got was insane. Today, I got a first hand look at voter suppression. I am behind you, ACLU. We need are rights protected!!


I had a first hand look at voter suppression today. My DL has my old address although I have changed my address through the MVD 2 years ago. I voted at the same place in 2016. My mail in ballot was received at my current address but I did not get it mailed in. At the poll today, I was told my DL is not acceptable without other proof that I live at my current address. I was told a utility bill or bank statement would be I keep those in my car. I had to pull up a bank statement on my phone to prove my address. If i had accepted the initial response that I was unable to vote using my DL, I would have walked away believing I could not vote. I stood my ground. I told them I voted at the same polling location without a problem 2 years ago. I asked them about voter suppression. I asked how homeless citizens vote without an address. I also told them I would be making calls about voter suppression. I live in an upscale Republican area.....I am sure they would not have minded if I had not cast my Democratic vote. Thank you ACLU for fighting for the right off all people..and not just a few.


GOP shenannigans, same tactics the Bolsheviks used to come to power in communist Russia. No wonder we're trending towards Russia.


Arizona DL last up to age 65 till you have to go in and renew. Plus alot of people do not know they can just go online to the DMV to update your address. Plus last election there were problems with the voting machines so alot of people were told to come back but many did not and AZ closed the polls at the normal time even with people standing in line to vote. So there is fault on both sides the voter who does not update their address and the state for not letting people know where and how to check to see if they are registered still


All you people that think voting is so easy are lucky. Not everyone is mobile or had internet. Large sections of Arizona are remote rural wilderness and although magnificent, do not have adequate internet services. Be grateful you are mobile are internet savvy and think the process is as easy for the poor, the disabled , the old, and us whom have disabilities. You are blessed , where I live many people are isolated in rural wilderness areas and in poverty,. I am grateful to AZ
ACLU for putting a stop to this Voter interference.


This is crazy. How can this happen?


This is crazy. How can this happen?


I believe the Secretary of State has been out in the sun too long! It's truly affected her mentality!


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