In Trump’s Hands, the Census Becomes a Weapon

Almost a decade ago, I ran the Minkwon Center for Community Action, a grassroots organization serving the Korean-American community in Queens. Getting immigrants to participate in the 2010 census was one of our top priorities. Why? Because I knew we could use the census to build power for our communities, just by standing up and being counted. And we did, but it wasn’t easy. 

First, we had to educate people about the census's importance. After all, it's not just a head count. The census determines how billions of federal dollars are allocated on a state and national level, and it is also used to draw political districts, thus determining political representation.

Our educational effort required breaking down communication barriers by organizing volunteers and literature that could reach the 40 different languages and dialects that people speak in our section of Queens. It also meant addressing the real fears that immigrants, particularly those of color, have about turning personal information over to the government. We spent months knocking on doors, meeting with community members, and holding trainings to overcome these challenges.

But once we broke it down for them, our community realized that the census could indeed be a powerful tool not only to ensure that our communities got the federal dollars they needed but also to build our political power. The end result was the creation of three Asian-American-majority political districts and the election of Rep. Grace Meng — a true champion for our communities — to New York’s first-ever Asian American-plurality congressional district.

Now, nearly 10 years later, I am preparing for the 2020 census, this time as the head of the New York Immigration Coalition, which represents over 200 immigrant and refugee rights groups throughout the state.

I wish I could say that we’re building upon the last decade’s progress, but unfortunately, we will have to work much harder to make the same case. For the first time in 70 years, the Trump administration had added a citizenship question to the census, which is a surefire way of scaring immigrants away from participating.

Immigrant communities of color, who historically have been reluctant to engage with government officials, are even more reluctant now — and for good reason. Whether it is the Muslim ban, the rescission of DACA for Dreamers, or proposing to end family-based immigration, the Trump administration has shown hostility to immigrant communities at every turn.

By adding a citizenship question to the decennial census, the Trump administration is taking a campaign to intimidate and marginalize immigrants into the homes of every New Yorker. The citizenship question threatens to put all immigrant respondents, as well as their families, loved ones, and neighbors, in a bind: Identify your status to a hostile administration or risk the loss of critical federal resources and political power.

Our member organizations have already witnessed the ripple effect. For example, at the Chinese-American Planning Council’s childhood development program, parents have been asking staff whether “the law” requires them to fill out the census and about the penalties for not answering. They also ask what would happen if they don’t answer a question during an in-person visit or if ICE would drop by if they indicate that there is a noncitizen living in their home.

Should the citizenship question go forward, the state of New York could suffer a huge loss of resources and political power if immigrants are too scared to participate.

That’s why we’re working to combat Trump’s attack. Together with over 80 partners statewide, we’ve formed New York Counts 2020, a coalition to maximize participation in the census and began our census education and outreach efforts in March. We’ve spent at least $93,000 on census-related activities this year that we would not have otherwise.

In June, we became plaintiffs in a federal lawsuit brought by the ACLU challenging the addition of the citizenship question, alongside four other immigrants’ rights groups.

The Trump administration has attempted many times to stop the lawsuit, but the courts have repeatedly denied each request. In the course of the suit, we’ve found that the citizenship question has the fingerprints of Steve Bannon, Trump’s former senior adviser, and Kris Kobach, the Kansas secretary of state, all over it. Both of them have advanced the White House’s anti-immigrant agenda. 

The trial begins on Monday, and we’re packing every inch of that courtroom. Those who try to circumvent the constitutionally mandated count of all people living in the United States, regardless of immigration status, must be held accountable.

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Eber Rice-Smucker

 This is the new 2020 Census "Citizenship Question": and answer choices:

" Is this person a citizen of the United States  ?
▪Yes, born in the United States.
▪Yes, born in Puerto Rico,  Guam, the US Virgin Islands,  or Northern Marianas.
▪Yes, born abroad of US citizen parent or parents
▪Yes, citizen by naturalization. Print year of naturalization.
▪No, not a US Citizen "
 https://apps.npr.org/documents/document.html?id=4426784-Planned-Questions-2020-Acs

There is No mention of
.. the presence or absence
....  of any type of Visa,
........valid or expired.

   There is No Question
... designed to determine
....whether the non-citizen is
........in the US  "without authorization",
   nor to determine whether or not
 the person is an "illegal alien".

There are 100's of thousands of people from hundreds of countries living in the USA, who are  "not a US Citizen".

There is no way for the questionnaire to differentiate between
1) Those with permanent "Green Cards",
2) Those with one of the many types of visas, or
3) Those who are here in violation of their initial visa, or
4) Those who entered the USA via other than official channels.

The first two categories are legal and
 the last two categories are in violation of the law.
There is no way for these
 new Census questions
to differentiate between those categories.

There are No questions
........ such as the following:
1)  When did you arrive in the USA ?
2)  Did you enter the USA without official authorization ?
3)  Have you received pay illegally while in the USA on a tourist visa ?
4)  Are you staying in the USA on a student visa while not currently enrolled in school ?
5)  When does you current visa expire ?
6)  Have you overstayed your visa-authorized stay ?
Bottom line..
Much ado about nothing  !

AnonymouS

The simple answer is to just remove the question altogether. It wasn't broke, no need to spin your wheels trying to break it for no reason than to promote a bigoted agenda demon'strated every day by Trump and Republicans. Do you see it for what it is too?

Anonymous

AnonymousS Why remove the citizen question.? Why are democratic and liberals scare of this question? Why are you scare of this question? Since I am female of color and a older person I am not scared of it.

Eber Rice-Smucker

From my experience,
 as an Anglo, Spanish -speaking,
2010 Census worker,
there is no reason to support the belief that
non-citizens will refuse to be counted. 

 Although there was some reluctance, initially,
for Hispanics who spoke very little or no English,
to comply with 2010 my 2nd tier Census interviewing,
nearly all complied,
especially when the opportunity to specify
country of origin, ethnicity and "racial identity"
was explained, taping their ethic pride. 

   I also explained
that individual data was confidential and
that it is illegal to share that info
with either local police or ICE.

     The census collection process is only interested in the aggregate data.

Dr. Timothy Leary

In about two more years Trump will be out of power and America will be great again.

Anonymous

What the census is about isillegal aliens because they live in Communities that need federal money to support them and more congressperson or sentors. If they use the citizens question they will not answer and those communities will lose money and seats in Congress and Senate. So the Democratic and liberals must protect illegal aliens at all cost. I hope that the question stay on census. All illegal aliens should be deported. E verify E verify

Anonymous

Illegals have no rights....should be in jail and deported.BUILD THE WALL.

Anonymous

Illegal aliens don’t want to learn English. They want fly there countries flags. They cannot fight for America and they sure didn’t for their own countries. They run away when things get to hot. They are leeches and runners E-verfity for every state and build the wall. But ACLU, Democratic and liberals don’t want one. READ every name of ACLU lawyers and people who wrote these articles and it will tell you who they are. Build the wall and e verity.

Anonymous

UNAMERICAN ACLU..

Anonymous

it seems rather clear you’re are not
supportive of the POTUS
and yet, this is an ACLU blog.,
Isint the contents of this blog an oxymoron?
Liberties apply to all ppl and yet I feel utter confusion and full bias when I was reading this blog.
Why do immigrants get a say in USA laws and or questions that can or can’t be asked of them by the USA when they are not citizens of the USA? I truly am bewildered.

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