On June 11, 2015, Florida abortion providers filed suit in state court to challenge a medically unnecessary law that would force virtually all people seeking abortions, unlike any other patients in Florida, to delay the care they need against their will and regardless of their personal circumstances. The law is currently blocked by court order. The abortion providers are represented by the American Civil Liberties Union, the ACLU of Florida, the Center for Reproductive Rights, and Richard Johnson of Tallahassee.
Passed in June 2015, the law being challenged, HB633, prevents a person seeking an abortion in Florida from obtaining their medications or procedure for at least 24 hours after meeting with a doctor—and in practice, often far longer. The law also forces patients to make an additional, medically unnecessary trip to the clinic, which is extremely burdensome for many patients and impossible for some. Rather than improve the counseling a person receives, HB633 harms Floridians by forcing them to remain pregnant against their wishes for days or weeks longer—regardless of the health risks—and prevents some patients from obtaining a desired abortion at all.
After Plaintiffs won a temporary injunction in July 2015 that blocked the law, Florida’s First District Court of Appeal reversed the lower court’s decision in February 2016, causing the law to briefly go into effect. Plaintiffs immediately appealed to the Florida Supreme Court, which quickly reinstated the injunction while it considered Plaintiffs’ appeal and, in February 2017, upheld Plaintiffs’ initial victory. The law remains blocked while the case proceeds.
On January 9, 2018, the trial court, the Second Judicial Circuit Court for Leon County, permanently blocked the law as an infringement on Florida’s state constitutional right to privacy. The State appealed that decision, arguing that it should be permitted to defend the law at trial. On August 1, 2019, the First District Court of Appeal reversed the trial court’s decision and remanded the matter back to the lower court for trial, which is currently scheduled for April 4, 2022.
This mandatory delay and additional trip requirement is an assault on the health and judgment of all people in Florida, but it will have particularly harsh consequences for patients with low incomes, because of the significant financial costs that HB633’s extra-trip requirement imposes—including missed work, lost wages, and significantly increased transportation and child care costs. The law also jeopardizes patients’ health and undermines the privacy of Floridians’ abortion decisions.
Plaintiffs Gainesville Woman Care LLC (doing business as Bread and Roses Women’s Health Center), on behalf of itself, its doctor, and its patients, is represented by the ACLU and ACLU of Florida. Medical Students for Choice, on behalf of its members and their patients, is represented by the Center for Reproductive Rights. Both plaintiffs are also represented by Tallahassee attorney Richard Johnson.
Florida Court Permanently Blocks Mandatory Delay LawJanuary 9, 2018
In a victory for abortion access, a Florida court today permanently blocked a law that would prevent a woman who has decided to have an abortion from obtaining the procedure for at least 24 hours after meeting with her doctor and force her to make an additional, medically unnecessary trip to the clinic.
Florida Supreme Court Upholds BlockFebruary 16, 2017
The Florida Supreme Court today blocked a law that prevents a woman who has decided to have an abortion from obtaining the procedure for at least 24 hours after meeting with her doctor and forces her to make an additional, medically unnecessary trip to the clinic.
Florida Supreme Court Sets Date for Oral ArgumentAugust 16, 2016
Oral argument in the Florida Supreme Court is scheduled for November 1, 2016, at 9:00 am.
Florida Supreme Court Agrees to Review Mandatory Delay LawMay 6, 2016
On May 6th, 2016, the Florida Supreme Court agreed to review a law that prevents a woman from getting an abortion for at least 24 hours after visiting her doctor and requires her to make an additional, medically unnecessary trip to the clinic before she can access abortion care.
Florida Supreme Court Blocks Mandatory Delay LawApril 22, 2016
The Supreme Court’s order on April 22, 2016 put the temporary injunction blocking the law back into effect until the Supreme Court decides whether to take up the case.
Follow The Case
Supreme Court (Fla.)
First District Court of Appeal
Second Judicial Circuit (Trial Court)