Get To Know the ACLU [Infographic]
The ACLU stands at the forefront of almost every major struggle for civil liberties and civil rights in America since its founding nearly 100 years ago. In carrying out its mission to ensure the Constitution protects everyone — especially those who have been historically denied such protections — the ACLU is a key player in many landmark court cases establishing fundamental American rights, liberties, and principles.
These cases chart the evolution of civil rights and liberties in the United States. But most importantly, they demonstrate the power of the people, with help from organizations like the ACLU, to shape history.
Get to know the ACLU
For nearly 100 years, the ACLU has fought for our rights. Here’s a few of our landmark Supreme Court cases through the decades.
Roger Baldwin and Crystal Eastman establish the American Civil Liberties Union.
Scopes monkey trial
Separation of Church and State:
The ACLU defended a public school teacher prosecuted for teaching evolution.
Powell v. Alabama
Right to Counsel:
The Supreme Court established that all defendants have the right to an attorney.
Korematsu v. u.s.
The ACLU challenged the wartime relocation and forced detention of more than 120,000 Japanese Americans.
Brown v. board of education
The Supreme Court rules that racial segregation in public schools is unconstitutional after the policy is challenged by the ACLU and the NAACP.
LOVING v. virginia
This unanimous decision overturned state bans on interracial marriage.
reed v. reed
The Supreme Court declared sex-based discrimination unconstitutional under the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
Texas v. Johnson
This case established flag burning as constitutionally protected free speech.
ACLU v. Reno
The Supreme Court struck down the Communications Decency Act, an attempt by Congress to censor “indecent speech” on the Internet.
INS v. st. cyr
Right to Court:
The Supreme Court affirms the right of immigrants facing deportation to have their case reviewed by a judge.
OBERGEFELL v. Hodges
The right to marry is guaranteed to same-sex couples.