Legislation Affecting LGBT Rights Across the Country

Updated every Monday

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people in America face discrimination in their daily lives.  A majority of states don’t have explicit laws prohibiting discrimination in employment, housing, and public accommodations.  While more states every year strive to pass laws to protect their citizens from discrimination and advance LGBTQ equality, we continue to see lawmakers sponsor bills that invoke religion, pre-empt local protections, and target transgender and nonbinary people to allow, and in some cases mandate, discrimination.

All people – including those who are LGBTQ – should be treated fairly and equally by the laws of their state, and should have the opportunity to earn a living, access housing and healthcare, and participate fully in society.  

*Note: Bills are reported as Active below if they were introduced in their states' 2018 legislative sessions and have carried over to 2019. The status date indicates the convening of the state's 2019 session or the most current activity on a particular bill. 

For 2018 Session bills, click HERE.

Expanding Rights for LGBTQ People

a.   Comprehensive Nondiscrimination Protection

Comprehensive nondiscrimination bills prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity (or only gender identity if state law already covers sexual orientation), in a range of contexts, including employment, housing, and public accommodations.  Comprehensive bills do not have overly broad religious exemptions or other carve-outs that allow discrimination against LGBTQ people.

State

Bill Number

Status

ID S 1015 1/21/2019: Referred to State Affairs

IN

SB 402

1/31/2019: Senator Stoops Added as Coauthor

KY HB164 2/5/2019:Referred to Judiciary

MO

SB 172

1/31/2019:Second Read, Referred to Small Business & Industry Committee

MS HB 251 2/5/2019: Died in Committee
ND HB 1441 2/11/2019: Committee Hearing

ND

HB 2303 1/25/2019: Second Reading Failed to Pass
NM HB 227 1/17/2019: Sent to Corporations & Transportation Committe

NY

 

AB 747

SB 1047

1/15/2019: Substituted by SB 1047 

1/25/2019: Signed by Governor

NY

 

AB 1592

SB 1857

1/15/2019: Referred to Education 

1/16/2019: Referred to Education 

SC

H 3239

1/8/2019: Referred to Committee on Judiciary

VA HB 2421 2/5/2019: House: Left in General Laws

b.    Incomplete Nondiscrimination Protection

Incomplete nondiscrimination bills include those that lack gender identity protections, those that do not prevent discrimination in all key contexts, and those that contain broad religious exemptions language or carve-outs, including for sex-segregated facilities.

State

Bill Number

Status

AZ

SB 1249 Prefiled 
AZ  HB 2546 Prefiled
CT SB 792 1/29/2019: Referred to Joint Committee on Judiciary  
FL SB 430 2/1/2019: Referred to Governmental Oversight & Accountability
FL SB 438 2/1/2019: Referred to Governmental Oversight & Accountability 
FL HB 485 1/31/2019: In Civil Justice Subcommittee 
KS SB 84 2/5/2019: Referred to Committee on Judiciary
KS HB 2130 2/4/2019: Referred to Committee on Federal & State Affairs   

IN

SB 344

1/31/2019: Senator Stoops Added as Coauthor

MD HB 295 1/31/2019: Hearing on 2/14/2019 at 1pm 
MO

HB 96

1/10/2019: Read for a Second Time

MO

HB 208

1/10/2019: Read for a Second Time

MO

HB 350

1/10/2019: Read for a Second Time

MS SB 2414 2/5/2019: Died in Committee
NE LB 627 1/30/2019: Hearing on 2/7/2019
NH SB 263 1/25/2019: In Committee
PA SB 224 2/8/2019: Referred to Labor & Industry

SC

H 3239

1/8/2019: Referred  to Committee on Judiciary

SC H 3786 1/29/2019: Referred to Committee on Judiciary 

VA

SB 1232 

1/14/2019: Incorporated by General Laws & Technology

TX SB 151 2/1/2019: Referred to State Affairs 
VA SB 1232 1/14/2019: Incorporated by General Laws & Technology 

VA 

 

SB 1109

HB 1823

1/22/2019 House - Referred to Committee on Rules

1/28/2019: House: Stricken from Docket by Rules (16-Y, 0-N)

VA

HB 2067

1/7/2019: Referred to Committee on Rules

VA

SB 1287

HB 1864

1/31/2019: Senate: Stricken at Request of Patron in Commerce & Labor (13-Y, 1-N)

2/5/2019: House: Left in Commerce & Labor

VA HB 2067 1/7/2019: Referred to Committee on Rules 
VA HB 2677 1/14/2019: Referred to Committee on Rules 
WV SB 391 1/22/2019: To Judiciary
WV SB 484 1/30/2019: Referred to Judiciary 
WV HB 2349 1/11/2019: Referred to House Industry & Labor 
WV HB 2733 2/11/2019: Motion to State from Table Rejected 
WV HB 2741 1/30/2019: Referred to House Industry & Labor 
WV HB 2755  1/30/2019: Referred to House Industry & Labor 
WV HB 2763 1/30/2019: Referred to House Industry & Labor 

c.    Identification Documents Bills

State

Bill Number

Status

AZ HB 2290 1/18/2019: Introduction

CO

HB 1039

1/4/2019: Introduced in House – Assigned to Health & Insurance

HI

HB1039

2/8/2019: Public Hearing Scheduled for 2/11/2019

HI HB 568 2/6/2019: Recommended to be Passed
NH HB 669 1/16/2019: Referred to Transportation Committee
NJ  A 4870 1/15/2019: Referred to Assembly Human Services Committee
NJ A 4878 1/15/2019: Introduced, Referred to Assembly Transportation & Independent Authorities Committee 
VA SB 1643 1/24/2019: Senate - Passed by Indefinitely in Education & Health 
VA HB 18464 2/5/2019: House: Left in Commerce & Labor 

d.    Healthcare Access Bills

State

Bill Number

Status

VA

 

SB 1287 1/31/2019: Senate: Stricken at Request of Patron in Commerce & Labor (13-Y, 1-N)

Harmful anti-LGBTQ Bills:

Anti-Transgender Bills

These measures target transgender and nonbinary people for discrimination, such as by barring access to or even criminalizing the use of appropriate facilities, including restrooms, restricting transgender students’ ability to fully participate in school, authorizing healthcare discrimination against trans people, allowing religiously-motivated discrimination against trans people, or making it more difficult for trans people to get identification documents with their name and gender. 

a.   Single-Sex Facility Restrictions

State

Bill Number

Status

b.   Anti-Trans Religious Exemptions

State

Bill Number

Status

MS HB 1176 2/5/2019: Died in Committee
TX HB 1035 1/23/2019: Filed

c.   Restrictions on Identification Documents

State

Bill Number

Status

d.   Restrictions on Access to Healthcare

State

Bill Number

Status

AK HB 5 1/7/2019: Prefiled

e.   Other Anti-Trans bills

State

Bill Number

Status

NH

HB 163

1/31/2019: Inexpedient to Legislate

SD

HB 49

1/24/2019: Education Committee Deferred to the 41st Legislative Day, PASSED

Religious Exemption Bills

a.   Religious Freedom Restoration Acts (RFRAs)

RFRAs make it easier for people to demand exemptions to generally applicable laws by allowing lawsuits challenging any governmental policy (such as non-discrimination laws) that someone says substantially burdens their religious beliefs. The government must prove that enforcing the policy is the least restrictive way of furthering a compelling governmental interest.

State

Bill Number

Status

b.   First Amendment Defense Acts (FADAs)

Allow anyone - including government employees, contractors, and for-profit businesses – to act with impunity based on religious beliefs or moral convictions regarding marriage for same-sex couples, sexual activity outside of heterosexual marriage, and transgender people.  This would open the door to unprecedented taxpayer-funded discrimination.  For example, government employees, government contractors or grantees – including those providing important social services like homeless shelters or drug treatment programs -- could discriminate against married same-sex couples and their families, single mothers, or anyone who has a sexual relationship outside of a marriage.

State

Bill Number

Status

TX HB 1035 1/23/2019: Filed 

c.   Healthcare Exemptions

Would allow those with religious objections to refuse care and undermine professional standards that apply equally to everyone. For instance, a high school guidance counselor could refuse to counsel a gay teenager, citing their sincerely held religious beliefs.

State

Bill Number

Status

d.   Adoption & Foster Care Exemptions

Would allow adoption and foster care agencies to refuse to provide any adoption or foster care services that would conflict with the religious beliefs of the agency, regardless of the best interests of the children in their care.  

State

Bill Number

Status

KY

HB 160

2/5/2019:Referred to Health & Family Services

TN HB 836 2/6/2019: Introduced, Passed on 1st Consideration
TN SB 848 2/11/2019: Passed on 2nd Consideration, Referred to Senate Judiciary Committee 
TN HB 1152 2/7/2019: Passed on 1st Consideration 
TN SB 1304 2/7/2019: Introduced, Passed on 1st Consideration 

e.   Marriage-Related Exemptions

These bills create different types of religious exemptions regarding marriage.  Some of these bills apply to religious organizations, while others authorize discrimination by businesses or government officials.  Some bills explicitly target same-sex couples and others would allow discrimination based on religious beliefs about any marriage.

State

Bill Number

Status

CO  HB 1140 1/28/2019: Introduced

f.   Exemptions for Schools and Student Organizations

These bills would require public universities and schools to allow discrimination, such as by providing funding to student groups that exclude members because of their sexual orientation or gender identity.

State

Bill Number

Status

MO HB 837 2/6/2019: Read for a Second Time 

g.   Other Religious Exemption Bills

State

Bill Number

Status

Bills Pre-Empting Local Protections

These bills prevent cities and other local government entities from passing nondiscrimination protections that are more expansive than the protections offered at the state level, including protections for LGBT people.   

State

Bill Number

Status

Other Anti-LGBTQ Bills

State

Bill Number

Status

 

 

 

 

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