America's Addiction to Incarceration: State by State

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  • Alaska

    • Alaska

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      5,412

      Incarceration rate:
      400 per 100,000 - 24th highest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 550% since 1980
      Up 6.8% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $283 million total
      Approximately $52,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

      SB 64: Creates sentencing commission; earned time; sentence revocation

      Recent news:
      Joint Judiciary Meeting to Focus on Sentencing Reform

  • Alabama

  • Arkansas

    • Arkansas

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      16,108

      Incarceration rate:
      544 per 100,000 - 8th highest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 450% since 1980
      Up 17.3% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $326 million total
      Approximately $20,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      None.

      Recent news:
      None.

  • Arizona

    • Arizona

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      40,020

      Incarceration rate:
      589 per 100,000 - 6th highest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by almost 770% since 1980
      Up 11.8% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $1 billion total
      Approximately $25,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

  • California

  • Colorado

  • Connecticut

    • Connecticut

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      18,324

      Incarceration rate:
      350 per 100,000 - 34th highest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by almost 325% since 1980
      Down 11% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $929 million total
      Approximately $51,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

      Recent news:
      Reform Connecticut's Corrections Systems

  • Delaware

    • Delaware

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      6,739

      Incarceration rate:
      440 per 100,000 - 19th highest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 400% since 1980
      Down 6.2% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $215 million total
      Approximately $32,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

      HB 151 (Passed): Bail reform
      SB 9 (passed): Eliminating mandatory life without parole for juveniles

      Recent news:
      Bail reform seeks to standardize fees

  • Florida

  • Georgia

  • Hawaii

    • Hawaii

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      6,037

      Incarceration rate:
      283 per 100,000 - 12th lowest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 510% since 1980
      Up 1.2% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $228 million total
      Approximately $38,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

      SB 68 (passed): Excepting some defendants from mandatory minimum sentences

      Recent news:
      Governor plans to re-open Big Isle prison by 2014

  • Iowa

    • Iowa

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      9,116

      Incarceration rate:
      295 per 100,000 - 13th lowest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 360% since 1980
      Up 3.2% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $276 million total
      Approximately $30,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

      Recent news:
      None.

  • Idaho

    • Idaho

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      7,739

      Incarceration rate:
      486 per 100,000 - 11th highest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 850% since 1980
      Up 8.6% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $144 million total
      Approximately $19,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

      HB 147 (passed): Expanding and clarifying the right to counsel
      S.C.R. 128 (passed): Authorizing the legislative council to appoint a committee to undertake and complete a study of the Idaho criminal justice system

      Recent news:
      Idaho passes initial reforms; Second round of reforms introduced

  • Illinois

  • Indiana

    • Indiana

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      28,906

      Incarceration rate:
      442 per 100,000 - 17th highest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 330% since 1980
      Up 10.8% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $569 million total
      Approximately $20,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

      HB 1006 (passed): Revising the state's criminal code; creating felony theft threshold; reducing drug penalties; reducing "school zone" penalties for drug offenses
      HB 1482 (passed): Expungement

      Recent news:
      Indiana Gov. Mike Pence signs sentencing, expungement bills into law

  • Kansas

  • Kentucky

    • Kentucky

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      21,545

      Incarceration rate:
      478 per 100,000 - 12th highest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 500% since 1980
      Up 7.8% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $311 million total
      Approximately $14,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

      Recent news:
      Stats Experts to study Louisville justice system, jail overcrowding

  • Louisiana

  • Massachusetts

    • Massachusetts

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      11,423

      Incarceration rate:
      206 per 100,000 - tied for 5th lowest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 260% since 1980
      Up 5.4% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $517 million total
      Approximately $45,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      S. 667: Repeal mandatory minimum sentences for nonviolent drug offenses
      H. 1645: Reduce the “school zone” area within which drug offenses carry stiffer sentences

      Recent news:
      MassInc: Massachusetts mandatory sentencing sends prison costs skyrocketing without improving recividism

  • Maryland

    • Maryland

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      22,645

      Incarceration rate:
      387 per 100,000 - 27th highest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 190% since 1980
      Up 1.6% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $836 million total
      Approximately $37,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

      HB 1396 (passed): Reducing penalties for lesser property offenses
      HB 1101 (passed): Medical marijuana

      Recent news:
      State scraps plans to build youth jail in Baltimore

  • Maine

    • Maine

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      2,145

      Incarceration rate:
      147 per 100,000 - Lowest nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 160% since 1980
      Up 1.2% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $132 million total
      Approximately $62,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

      None.

      Recent news:
      Bill to legalize marijuana fails, but support emerges for statewide vote

  • Michigan

  • Minnesota

    • Minnesota

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      9,800

      Incarceration rate:
      183 per 100,000 - 2nd lowest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 390% since 1980
      Down 7.6% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $395 million total
      Approximately $40,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

      Recent news:
      Ban the Box Now Law in Minnesota

  • Missouri

    • Missouri

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      30,833

      Incarceration rate:
      512 per 100,000 - 10th highest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 460% since 1980
      Up 2.2% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $680 million total
      Approximately $22,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

  • Mississippi

    • Mississippi

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      22,386

      Incarceration rate:
      690 per 100,000 - 2nd highest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 530% since 1980
      Up 1.5% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $402 million total
      Approximately $18,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

      Recent news:
      None.

  • Montana

    • Montana

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      3,678

      Incarceration rate:
      367 per 100,000 - 30th highest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 390% since 1980
      Up 3.2% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $75 million total
      Approximately $20,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

  • North Carolina

    • North Carolina

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      39,440

      Incarceration rate:
      362 per 100,000 - 18th lowest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 160% since 1980
      Up 5.3% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $1.2 billion total
      Approximately $30,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

  • North Dakota

    • North Dakota

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      1,423

      Incarceration rate:
      206 per 100,000 - tied for 5th lowest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 370% since 1980
      Up 4.4% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $58 million total
      Approximately $41,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

  • Nebraska

    • Nebraska

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      4,616

      Incarceration rate:
      244 per 100,000 - 8th lowest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 270% since 1980
      Up 4.7% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $163 million total
      Approximately $35,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

  • New Hampshire

    • New Hampshire

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      2,614

      Incarceration rate:
      198 per 100,000 - 4th lowest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 700% since 1980
      Up 6.8% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $81 million total
      Approximately $30,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

  • New Jersey

    • New Jersey

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      23,834

      Incarceration rate:
      270 per 100,000 - 10th lowest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 290% since 1980
      Down 12.9% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $1.4 billion total
      Approximately $59,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      S. 1977: Marijuana possession decriminalization

  • New Mexico

  • Nevada

    • Nevada

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      12,778

      Incarceration rate:
      463 per 100,000 - 15th highest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 600% since 1980
      Up 1% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $282 million total
      Approximately $22,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

      AB 415 (passed): Minor reform to burlgary sentencing
      SB 71 (passed): Prisoners can earn release earlier if serving consecutive sentences

  • New York

    • New York

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      55,436

      Incarceration rate:
      283 per 100,000 - 11th lowest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 150% since 1980
      Down 12.4% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $3.5 billion total
      Approximately $63,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      AB 4875: Expands work release
      AB 2997: Allows prisoners to earn time off their sentences through good behavior

  • Ohio

    • Ohio

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      50,964

      Incarceration rate:
      441 per 100,000 - 18th highest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 280% since 1980
      Up 3.7% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $1.3 billion total
      Approximately $26,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      None.

  • Oklahoma

  • Oregon

  • Pennsylvania

    • Pennsylvania

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      51,578

      Incarceration rate:
      402 per 100,000 - 23rd highest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 530% since 1980
      Up 16.1% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $2 billion total
      Approximately $39,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      None.

  • Rhode Island

    • Rhode Island

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      3,337

      Incarceration rate:
      196 per 100,000 - 3rd lowest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 300% since 1980
      Down 16.5% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $172 million total
      Approximately $52,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

  • South Carolina

    • South Carolina

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      22,914

      Incarceration rate:
      473 per 100,000 - 13th highest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 190% since 1980
      Down 2.9% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $375 million total
      Approximately $16,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

      Recent news:
      How sentencing reform is saving SC taxpayers money

  • South Dakota

  • Tennessee

    • Tennessee

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      28,479

      Incarceration rate:
      443 per 100,000 - 16th highest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 310% since 1980
      Up 10.6% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $741 million total
      Approximately $26,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

      Recent news:

       

      Tennessee prisons spill over again

  • Texas

    • Texas

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      172,224

      Incarceration rate:
      632 per 100,000 - 4th highest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 470% since 1980
      Up 0.6% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $3.3 billion total
      Approximately $19,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

      SB 1790 (passed): Authorize judges to reduce certain eligible state-jail felonies to a class A misdemeanor after a successful probation period.

      Recent news:
      TCJC's legislative wrap-up

  • Utah

    • Utah

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      6,879

      Incarceration rate:
      242 per 100,000 - 7th lowest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 640% since 1980
      Up 6.9% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $186 million total
      Approximately $27,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

  • Virginia

    • Virginia

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      38,130

      Incarceration rate:
      469 per 100,000 - 15th highest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 330% since 1980
      Up 3.9% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $748 million total
      Approximately $20,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

  • Vermont

    • Vermont

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      2,053

      Incarceration rate:
      255 per 100,000 - 9th lowest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 330% since 1980
      Down 7.3% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $111 million total
      Approximately $54,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

      S. 1 (passed): Reduces embezzlement penalties; creates task forces.
      S. 2 (passed): Adjusting sentencing calculations
      H. 200 (passed): Marijuana possession decriminalization

      Recent News:
      None.

  • Washington

    • Washington

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      17,847

      Incarceration rate:
      259 per 100,000 - 10th lowest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 310% since 1980
      Up 1.6% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $800 million total
      Approximately $49,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

  • Wisconsin

    • Wisconsin

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      22,654

      Incarceration rate:
      359 per 100,000 - 17th lowest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 490% since 1980
      Down 3.3% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $874 million total
      Approximately $39,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      None.

  • West Virginia

    • West Virginia

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      6,826

      Incarceration rate:
      366 per 100,000 - 19th lowest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 450% since 1980
      Up 19% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $169 million total
      Approximately $25,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

      SB 371 (passed): Justice reinvestment bill; broad sentencing, probation, and parole reform

      Recent News:
      None.

  • Wyoming

    • Wyoming

      Learn more about your state!

      Total prisoners:
      2,183

      Incarceration rate:
      383 per 100,000 - 28th highest, nationally

      Prison Population since 2006 growth:
      Has increased by 350% since 1980
      Up 3.2% since 2006

      Corrections cost:
      $96 million total
      Approximately $44,000 per prisoner

      Legislation to watch:
      SESSION ADJOURNED.

 

*All data dated January 1, 2012
**Prisoner population data from Bureau of Justice Statistics
***Corrections cost data from Vera Institute for Justice or Dept. of Corrections website

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