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WASHINGTON – Several national LGBT groups filed an administrative challenge last week to Medicare's ban on medically necessary healthcare for transgender patients. Medicare currently prohibits all forms of gender reassignment surgeries regardless of the individual patient's diagnosis or serious medical needs.
The National Center for Lesbian Rights, the American Civil Liberties Union, Gay & Lesbian Advocates & Defenders, and civil rights attorney Mary Lou Boelcke initiated the challenge on behalf of Denee Mallon, a transgender woman whose doctors have recommended surgery to alleviate her severe gender dysphoria.
"Medicare's categorical exclusion of this care lacks any scientific basis," said Shannon Minter, legal director at NCLR. "Study after study has shown that these surgeries are the only effective treatment for many patients suffering from severe gender dysphoria."
Mallon joined the United States Army when she was 17 years old and worked as a forensics investigator for a city police department after she was honorably discharged from the Army. She was later diagnosed with gender identity disorder, a serious medical condition that is characterized by intense and persistent discomfort with one's birth sex.
"The American Medical Association, the Endocrine Society, and the American Psychological Association all support these treatments for transgender patients," said Joshua Block, a staff attorney with the ACLU Lesbian Gay Bisexual Transgender Project. "These procedures have been performed for decades and are proven to be safe and effective."
Medicare adopted the ban more than 30 years ago. Decades of extensive scientific and clinical research since that time have established that these surgeries are safe and effective.
As a result of the administrative challenge, the Department Appeals Board of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services must review the ban, determine whether it is reasonable based on current standards of care, and reverse it if it is not. The DAB is staffed by career civil servants who have been tasked with providing an impartial independent review of disputes concerning Medicare and other HHS programs.
Earlier last week, the HHS Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services on its own initiative included a statement on its website that it would be reconsidering the ban. CMS subsequently withdrew its proposal to reconsider the ban and through a spokesperson explained that the ban would instead be reviewed through the independent DAB process.
"What matters to us is that there will be a fair and scientifically based review of the ban," said Jennifer Levi, transgender rights project director for Gay & Lesbian Advocates & Defenders. "We don't think the medical data supports it and are hopeful that CMS will agree."