Legislation Affecting LGBT Rights Across the Country

Updated every Monday

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people in America face discrimination in their daily lives.  A majority of states allow discrimination in employment, housing, and public accommodations.  While there are more states every day that strive to pass laws to protect their citizens from discrimination, many legislatures sponsor bills that invoke religion, pre-empt local protections, and target transgender people to allow discrimination.

All people – including those who are gay or transgender– should be treated fairly and equally by the laws of their state, and should have the opportunity to earn a living, access housing, and participate fully in society.  

VIEW LGBT NONDISCRIMINATION AND ANTI-LGBT BILLS FROM THE 2016 LEGISLATIVE SESSIONS

VIEW ANTI-LGBT RELIGIOUS EXEMPTION BILLS FROM THE 2016 LEGISLATIVE SESSIONS 

LEARN MORE ABOUT RELIGIOUS EXEMPTIONS AND THE USE OF RELIGION TO DISCRIMINATE

*Note: Bills are reported as Active below if they were introduced in their states' 2016 legislative sessions and have carried over to 2017. The status date indicates the convening of the state's 2017 session. 

Affirmative Nondiscrimination Bills

a.     Comprehensive Protection

Comprehensive nondiscrimination bills prohibit discrimination based on both sexual orientation and gender identity (or only gender identity if state law already covers sexual orientation), in a range of contexts, including employment, housing, and public accommodations.  Comprehensive bills do not have overly broad religious exemptions or other carve-outs that allow discrimination against LGBT people.

State

    

Bill Number

    

Status

AL   HB 74  

2/7/2017: Introduced

AL   HB 332   2/28/2017: Introduced
AK   HB 184   3/17/2017: Introduced
AR   HB 1797   3/1/2017: Introduced
AZ   HB 2364 / SB 1320   1/26/2017: Introduced
FL   HB 623 / SB 666   2/2/2017: Introduced
GA   HB 488   3/30/2017: Dead
GA   SB 119   3/30/2017: Dead
ID   H 69   3/29/2017: Dead
KS   HB 2123   1/23/2017: Introduced
KY   HB 327   3/30/2017: Dead
KY   SB 63   3/30/2017: Dead
MS   HB 668   4/2/2017: Dead
MS   HB 2341   4/2/2017: Dead
MO   HB 485   1/9/2017: Introduced
MO   HB 846   2/2/2017: Introduced
MO   HB 911   2/9/2017: Introduced
MO   SB 338   1/24/2017: Introduced
MT   HB 417   2/8/2017: Introduced
NH   HB 478   1/5/2017: Introduced
NY   AB 3358   3/22/2017: Passed Assembly
ND   HB 1386   1/16/2017: Introduced
OH   HB 160   3/285/2017: Introduced
OH   SB 100   3/15/2017: Introduced
SC   H 3745   2/14/2017: Introduced
TX   HB 1534   2/3/2017: Introduced
WV   HB 2529   4/8/2017: Dead
WV   HB 2623   4/8/2017: Dead
WV   HB 2670   4/8/2017: Dead

b.    Incomplete Protection

Incomplete nondiscrimination bills include those that lack gender identity protections, those that do not prevent discrimination in all key contexts, and those that contain broad religious exemptions language or carve-outs, including for sex-segregated facilities.

State

    

Bill Number

    

Status

AL   SB 141   2/9/2017: Introduced
AZ   SB 1382   1/31/2017: Introduced
FL   HB 319 / SB 410   1/20/2017: Introduced
FL   HB 659 / SB 742   2/6/2017: Introduced
GA   HB 552   3/30/2017: Dead
GA   HB 627   3/30/2017: Dead
LA   SB 155    3/31/2017: Introduced
MS   HB 1344   4/2/2017: Dead
MS   SB 2739   4/2/2017: Dead
NE   LB 173   1/10/2017: Introduced
NY   SB 502   1/3/2017: Introduced
NC   H 78 / H 82   2/9/2017: Introduced
SC   H 3021   1/10/2017: Introduced
SC   H 3891   3/2/2017: Introduced
TX   HB 192   2/21/2017: Introduced
TX   HB 225   2/20/2017: Introduced
TX   HB 876   1/9/2017: Introduced
TX   HB 2312   2/23/2017: Introduced
TX   SB 165   1/25/2017: Introduced
VA   HB 179   2/25/2017: Dead
VA   HB 300   2/25/2017: Dead
VA   HB 429   2/25/2017: Dead
VA   HB 913   2/25/2017: Dead
VA   HB 1005   2/25/2017: Dead
VA   HB 2057   2/25/2017: Dead
VA   HB 2129   2/25/2017: Dead
VA   SB 12   2/25/2017: Dead
VA   SB 67   2/25/2017: Dead
VA   SB 822  

2/25/2017: Dead

WV   SB 77   4/8/2017: Dead
WY   SF 153   3/3/2017: Dead

Harmful anti-LGBT Bills:

Anti-Transgender Bills

These measures target transgender people for discrimination, such as by barring access to or even criminalizing the use of appropriate facilities, including restrooms, restricting transgender students’ ability to fully participate in school, authorizing healthcare discrimination against trans people, allowing religiously-motivated discrimination against trans people, or making it more difficult for trans people to get identification documents with their name and gender. 

a.     Single-Sex Facility Restrictions

State

    

Bill Number

    

Status

AL   SB 1   2/7/2017: Introduced
AR   HB 1986   3/17/2017: Passed House
AR   SB 774   3/6/2017: Introduced
IL   HB 664   1/25/2017: Introduced
KS   HB 206   2/21/2017: Introduced
KS    HB 2171   1/26/2017: Introduced
KY   HB 106   3/30/2017: Dead
KY   HB 141   3/30/2017: Dead
MN   HF 41   1/5/2017: Introduced
MN   HF 2553   3/28/2017: Introduced
MO   HB 202   1/4/2017: Introduced
MO   HB 745   1/25/2017: Introduced
MO   SB 98   1/4/2017: Introduced
MT   HB 609   3/17/2017: Introduced
NY   AB 5422   2/8/2017: Introduced
OK   SJR 36   2/6/2017: Introduced
SC   H 3012   1/10/2017: Introduced
SD   SB 115   3/27/2017: Dead
TX   HB 1362   1/30/2017: Introduced
TX   SB 6   3/14/2017: Passed Senate
VA   HB 431   2/25/2017: Dead
VA   HB 663   2/25/2017: Dead
VA   HB 1612   2/25/2017: Dead
WA   HB 1011   1/9/2017: Introduced
WY   HB 244   3/3/2017: Dead

b.      FADA and Other Religious Exemptions

State

    

Bill Number

    

Status

AR   HB 2232   3/6/2017: Introduced
TX   HB 2779   3/2/2017: Introduced
WA   HB 1178   1/12/2017: Introduced
WY   HB 135   3/3/2017: Dead

c.       Identification Documents

State

    

Bill Number

    

Status

AR   HB 1894   3/6/2017: Introduced
AZ   SB 1199   3/15/2017: Passed House Committee
IN   HB 1361   1/12/2017: Introduced
OR   HB 2673   3/15/2017: Passed House

d.     Health Care

State

    

Bill Number

    

Status

MN   HF 1183   2/13/2017: Introduced

e.      Other

State

    

Bill Number

    

Status

NJ   A 3976   1/10/2017: Active
VA   HB 2011   2/25/2017: Dead
         

Religious Exemption Bills

a.     Religious Freedom Restoration Acts (RFRAs)

Make it easier for people to demand exemptions to generally applicable laws by allowing lawsuits challenging any governmental policy (such as nondiscrimination laws) that someone says substantially burdens their religious beliefs. The government must prove that enforcing the policy is the least restrictive way of furthering a compelling governmental interest.

State

    

Bill Number

    

Status

CO    HB 1013   1/11/2017: Introduced
OK   SB 530    2/6/2017: Introduced
HI   HB 823   1/25/2017: Introduced
MN   HF 43   1/5/2017: Introduced
WV   SB 19   4/8/2017: Dead

b.    First Amendment Defense Acts (FADAs)

Allow anyone - including government employees, contractors, and for profit businesses – to act with impunity based on religious beliefs or moral convictions regarding marriage for same-sex couples, sexual activity outside of heterosexual marriage, and transgender people.  This would open the door to unprecedented taxpayer-funded discrimination.  For example, government employees, government contractors or grantees – including those providing important social services like homeless shelters or drug treatment programs -- could discriminate against married same-sex couples and their families, single mothers, or anyone who has a sexual relationship outside of a marriage.

State

    

Bill Number

    

Status

AR   HB 2232   3/7/2017: Introduced
IL   SB 64   1/11/2017: Introduced
OK   HJR 1023   2/6/2017: Introduced
TX   HB 1923   2/15/2017: Introduced
TX   HB 2779   3/02/2017: Introduced
TX   SB 893   2/14/2017: Introduced
WA   HB 1178   1/12/2017: Introduced
WY   HB 135   3/3/2017: Dead

c.    Health Care Access

Would allow those with religious objections to undermine professional standards that apply equally to everyone. For instance, a high school guidance counselor could refuse to counsel a gay teenager, citing their sincerely held religious beliefs.

State

    

Bill Number

    

Status

AR   HB 1628  

2/21/2017: Introduced

TN   SB 1   1/10/2017: Introduced
TX   HB 2878   3/3/2017: Introduced
TX   HB 3856 / SB 2096   3/10/2017: Introduced

d.   Adoption & Foster Care

Adoption and foster care agencies could refuse to provide any adoption services that would conflict with the sincerely held religious beliefs of the agency, regardless of the best interests of the children in their care.  

State

    

Bill Number

    

Status

AL   HB 24 / SB 145   4/18/2017: Passed Senate
GA   HB 159   3/30/2017: Dead
OK   HB 1507   2/6/2017: Introduced
SD   SB 149   3/13/2017: Became Law
TX   HB 1805   2/13/2017: Introduced
TX   SB 892   2/14/2017: Introduced

e.     Marriage-Related Exemptions

These bills create different types of religiously based exemptions regarding marriage.  Some of these bills apply to religious organizations, while others authorize discrimination by commercial entities or government officials.  Some bills explicitly target same sex couples and others would allow discrimination based on beliefs about any marriage.

State

    

Bill Number

    

Status

MI   HB 4331   3/8/2017: Introduced
MS   HB 846   4/2/2017: Dead
MO   HB 205   1/4/2017: Introduced
NJ   A 1706   1/10/2017: Active
OH   HB 36   2/7/2017: Introduced
OK   SB 197   2/21/2017: Passed Committee
TX   HB 1813   2/13/2017: Introduced
TX   HB 2876   3/3/2017: Introduced
TX   SB 522   4/12/2017: Passed Senate
VA   HB 2025   3/23/2017: Vetoed by Governor
VA   SB 40   2/25/2017: Dead
VA    SB 1324   3/23/2017: Vetoed by Governor

f.     Other

State

    

Bill Number

    

Status

KY   HB 105   3/30/2017: Dead
MA   H 295   1/23/2017: Introduced
MO   HB 62   1/4/2017: Introduced
MO   HB 642   4/3/2017: Passed House Committee
TX   HB 428   2/21/2017: Introduced
TX   HB 3571   3/9/2017: Introduced
TX   SB 651   1/27/2017: Introduced

Bills Pre-Empting Local Protections

These bills prevent cities and other local government entities from passing nondiscrimination protections that are more expansive than the protections offered at the state level, including protections for LGBT people.   

State

    

Bill Number

    

Status

MO   HB 202   1/4/2017: Introduced
OK   SB 694   2/20/2017: Passed Senate Committee
SC   H 3012   1/10/2017: Introduced
TX   HB 4097   3/10/2017: Introduced
TX   SB 6   1/5/2017: Introduced
TX   SB 92   1/24/2017: Introduced
VA   HB 1667   2/25/2017: Dead
VA   HB 2011   2/25/2017: Dead

Other Anti-LGBT Bills

State

    

Bill Number

    

Status

AR   HB 2098   3/14/2017: Dead
OK   HB 1418 / SB 450   3/22/2017: Passed Senate
VA   HB 77   2/25/2017: Dead
VA   HB 397   2/25/2017: Dead

 

 

 

 

 

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