Picking up the Pieces - Footnotes
- 1 Interview with Hamza Jeylani, Apr. 9, 2015 (on file with the ACLU).
- 2Id.; John Lauritson, Cell Video Shows Cop Allegedly Threatening To Break Teen Suspect’s Leg, CBS Minneapolis (Apr. 3, 2015), http://minnesota.cbslocal.com/2015/04/03/cell-video-shows-cop-allegedly-threatening-to-break-suspects-leg/.
- 3 Interview with Hamza Jeylani, supra note 1.
- 4 ACLU, Being Black in America, ACLU (May 28, 2015), https://youtu.be/p5I5iRlamTQ.
- 7 Interview with Hamza Jeylani, supra note 1.
- 10 Interview with Anthony Newby, Apr. 6, 2015 (on file with the ACLU).
- 12 Interview with Judge Kevin Burke, Apr. 7, 2015 (on file with the ACLU).
- 15 Mayor Betsey Hodges, An open letter from Mayor Betsey Hodges to the communities of Minneapolis, mayorhodges.com (Oct. 8, 2014), http://mayorhodges.com/2014/10/08/an-open-letter-from-mayor-betsy-hodges-to-the-communities-of-minneapolis/.
- 16 Peter Callaghan, ‘The mayor and I are in lockstep’: a Q&A with Minneapolis Police Chief Janeé Harteau, MinnPost (Nov. 21 2014), https://www.minnpost.com/politics-policy/2014/11/mayor-and-i-are-lockstep-qa-minneapolis-police-chief-jane-harteau.
- 17 Judge Kevin Burke, On race and justice system, we're still in denial, Star Tribune, Nov. 7, 2014, http://www.startribune.com/opinion/commentaries/281982511.html.
- 18 Derek Thompson, The Miracle of Minneapolis, The Atlantic (Mar. 2015), http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2015/03/the-miracle-of-minneapolis/384975/.
- 19 United States Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Unemployment Rates for Large Metropolitan Areas, Mar. 2015 available at http://www.bls.gov/web/metro/laulrgma.htm.
- 20 Josh Bivens and Valerie Wilson, Economic Policy Institute, Estimates of Unemployment Rates by Race and Ethnicity at the MSA Level for the Third Quarter of 2014 (Nov. 12, 2014), available at http://www.epi.org/publication/fed-unemployment-race/.
- 21 Algernon Austin, Economic Policy Institute, Native Americans and Jobs: The Challenge and the Promise 10 (Dec. 17, 2013), available at http://www.epi.org/publication/bp370-native-americans-jobs/. The Bureau of Labor Statistics does not release data for Native Americans in Minneapolis specifically, due to the relatively small sample size.
- 22 Jeff Guo, If Minneapolis is so great, why is it so bad for African Americans?, Wash. Post, Feb. 17, 2015, http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/govbeat/wp/2015/02/17/if-minneapolis-is-so-great-why-is-it-so-bad-for-black-people/.
- 23 Interview with Anthony Newby, supra note 10.
- 25 Minn. Stat. § 609.02 (2014).
- 28 Interview with Anthony Newby, supra note 10.
- 29 Interview with Judge Kevin Burke, supra note 12.
- 30 Interview with Anthony Newby, supra note 10.
- 31 Interview with Faysal Mohamed, Apr. 6, 2015 (on file with the ACLU).
- 32 Interview with Anthony Newby, supra note 10.
- 34 Interview with Omar Ali, Apr. 9, 2015 (on file with the ACLU).
- 36 National Research Council Of The National Academies, Reforming Juvenile Justice: A Developmental Approach, (Richard J. Bonnie et al., eds., 2013), available at http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?record_id=14685.
- 37 Interview with Judge Kevin Burke, supra note 12.
- 39 Interview with Judge Kevin Burke, supra note 12.
- 40 U.S. Dept. of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, Arrest in the United States, 1990-2010, figs. 4, 7, 12, 16, 20, 24, 28, 32, 36, 40, 44, available at http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/aus9010.pdf.
- 41 Interview with Prof. Nekima Levy-Pounds, April 8, 2015 (on file with the ACLU).
- 44 Minn. R. Crim. P. 6.01.
- 47 Offenses categorized as “administrative/non-active driving,” “quality of life,” “drug,” and “status” offenses available in footnotes below.
- 48 Interview with Judge Kevin Burke, supra note 12.
- 51 Interview with Anthony Newby, supra note 10.
- 55 Interview with Prof. Nekima Levy-Pounds, supra note 41.
- 56 Interview with Judge Kevin Burke, supra note 12.
- 57 Interview with Prof. Nekima Levy-Pounds, supra note 41.
The following offenses were categorized as “Administrative/Driving:”
Contempt of Court, Expired Boat Registration, Driving After Cancellation of License, Driving After Revocation of License, Driving After Suspension of License, Fail To Pay Parking Fee, Illegal Use of Handicap Parking, Law Violation for Taxi, License Violation, Failure to Make Motor Vehicle Accident Damage Report, Failure to Make Motor Vehicle Accident Injury Report, No Insurance on Motor Vehicle, No Proof of Insurance, No Valid ID, Parole Violation, Possession of False/Alternative ID, Probation Violation, Refusal of Drug and Alcohol Test, Sale of Liquor Without License, Sale of Liquor at Minneapolis Convention Center Without Permit, Violation of Conditional Release, Violation of Handicapped Parking
The following offenses were categorized as “Drugs:”
Drug Paraphernalia, Glue Sniffing, Loitering With Intent to Commit a Narcotics Offense, Possession of Marijuana in a Motor Vehicle, Possession of Injection Equipment, Possession of Prescription Drugs, Prescription Drugs Outside of Original Container, Prescription Fraud/Possession of Prescription Drugs
The following offenses were categorized as “Quality of Life:”
Abandoned Property, Alarm Violation/False Alarm, Annoying Amplifiers, Begging/Panhandling, Tampering with Bike/Frame Number/Registration, Block Party Without Permit, Consuming In Public, Contributing to Delinquency of a Minor, Crimes Against Metro Transit, Damage to Property (Graffiti), Destruction of Park Property, Disorderly Conduct, Disorderly House, Disruptive Party, Disturbing the Peace In Park, Dog Disturbing the Peace, Dog Leash/Cleanup Violation, Dumping, Excess Sound from a Motor Vehicle, Firing Fireworks, Games in the Street, House Code Violation, Improper Clothing, Presence in Closed Park, Indecent Conduct, Indecent Exposure, Interfering with Privacy, Interfering With Pedestrian Traffic, Liquor/Intoxicating Beverage In Park, Littering, Littering In Park, Loitering with Intent to Commit Prostitution, Lurking with Intent to Commit a Crime, Moving Liquor from/to Bar, Noise In Quiet Zone, Dancing in Street, Gate Crashing, Open Bottle, Park Board Violations, Park Police, Peddling Without License, Person Obstructing the Sidewalk, Prostitution, Public Urination, Riot, Rollerskating/Skateboarding on Sidewalk, Selling to Drunk/Incompetent, Smoking where Prohibited, Ticket Scalping, Trepassing on School Property, Trespassing, Unauthorized Use of Beach/Swimming, Unlawful Assembly, Unlawful Betting, Unlawful Conduct at Event, Unlawful Exclusion, Unnecessary Noise/Odor, Use of Profanity in Public
The following offenses were categorized as “Status Offenses:”
Consumption of Liquor by a Minor, Curfew Violation, Minor in Possession of or Consuming Tobacco, Misrepresenting Age to Purchase Liquor, “OBS - Status Offenses,” Possession of Liquor by a Minor, Running Away, Truancy