ACLU Files Lawsuit Seeking Marriage Equality for Same-Sex Couples in Washington State

Affiliate: ACLU of Washington
April 1, 2004 12:00 am

ACLU Affiliate
ACLU of Washington
Media Contact
125 Broad Street
18th Floor
New York, NY 10004
United States


SEATTLE — The American Civil Liberties Union of Washington today filed a lawsuit against the state officials challenging the denial of marriage rights to same-sex couples.

The lawsuit was filed in Thurston County Superior Court on behalf of 11 couples from across the state who wish to marry in Washington or to have their marriage recognized under Washington law. Plaintiffs include a police officer, a firefighter, a banker, a nurse, a retired judge, a college professor, a business executive, and others. They reside from Seattle to Spokane and from Friday Harbor to Hoquiam.

“”Same-sex couples who have formed families are being discriminated against solely because of their gender,”” said Kathleen Taylor, Executive Director of the ACLU of Washington. “”Two adults who wish to enter into a life-long commitment to each other should be eligible for the legal rights of marriage, regardless of their same gender. It is a matter of basic fairness and equality.””

“”Washington has long acknowledged that gay and lesbian couples are suitable to be parents. We must no longer deny them the ability to marry,”” Taylor added.

The lawsuit seeks a court ruling that the state laws regarding marriage shall apply without regard to gender, thus providing gay and lesbian couples the same legal rights and benefits of marriage now available to opposite-sex couples. The lawsuit also asks the court to recognize same-sex marriages lawfully formed in other jurisdictions.

Current law unfairly deprives same-sex couples of numerous rights available as a direct benefit of the marriage contract. Among these are community property rights; access to family court; joint assessment of income and needs for determination of state assistance programs; access during health care emergencies and the ability to participate in health care decisions; survivor benefits; and authority to make decisions regarding funeral arrangements.

“”Our Constitution guarantees equal treatment for all our citizens, but our reality often has not matched this vision,”” said Paul Lawrence, the lead ACLU cooperating attorney in the case and a national ACLU board member. “”Some of the proudest moments in American history, however, have come when America has made the vision of equality a reality. Now is one such moment – it is time to extend full, equal family rights to our fellow Americans who are lesbian and gay.””

The case is being handled by attorneys Lawrence and Matthew Segal of the law firm Preston Gates & Ellis; Karolyn Hicks of the firm Stokes Lawrence; Roger Leishman of the firm Davis Wright Tremaine, and ACLU of Washington staff attorney Aaron Caplan.

The ACLU has long worked to secure equal treatment under the law for all citizens. In 1971, the ACLU of Washington represented John Singer and Paul Barwick when they sought to obtain a marriage license in Washington. Unfortunately, the state court of appeals sided with the state, ruling that marriage is the “”appropriate and desirable forum for procreation and the rearing of children”” and therefore not applicable to gays and lesbians. In 1998, the ACLU vigorously opposed adoption of the Defense of Marriage Act by the Washington legislature; the Act defines the institution of marriage as a union between a man and a woman as husband and wife.

In filing today’s lawsuit, the ACLU said that it is time to for courts to reconsider the Singer decision and to follow the line of reasoning articulated by the U. S. Supreme Court in the landmark case Loving v. Virginia in 1967. In striking down Virginia’s law outlawing marriage between blacks and whites, the Court called the freedom to marry “”one of the basic civil rights.””

The couples represented by the ACLU include:

  • Brenda Bauer and Celia Castle of Seattle: Brenda is an attorney and Director of Contracting Services for the City of Seattle. Celia has been a firefighter for 25 years. They have been together 16 years. They are parents of two girls ages 8 and 11. Although they were married in Portland, Oregon on March 16, 2004, Brenda would not be treated as Celia’s survivor under Washington law if Celia were to die in the line of duty as a firefighter. Celia and Brenda want Washington to recognize that they are married. In the alternative, Celia and Brenda want to be married in Washington.
  • Jeff Kingsbury and Alan Fuller of Olympia: Jeff has been Artistic Director for the Capital Playhouse for 18 years. He works extensively with youth and their families and is active in the downtown business community. Alan is a mortgage lender for the Washington State Employees Credit Union. The couple has been together for 12 years. Alan has observed how the inability to get married has affected them and others in housing opportunities.
  • Judy Fleissner and Chris Gamache of Seattle: Judy is a police officer. Chris is an attorney. The couple has been together for 14 years. They are parents of a seven-year-old boy and a four-year-old girl. They were married in Portland on March 19, 2004. Judy was not able to use family leave like other officers when their daughter was born, and Chris would not be considered her spouse if Judy were to die in the line of duty. Judy and Chris want Washington to recognize that they are married. In the alternative, Judy and Chris want to be married in Washington.
  • Marge Ballack and Diane Lantz of Spokane: Marge and Diane have shared their lives together for 25 years. Marge is a kitchen designer, and Diane works at a publishing company. They were married in British Columbia, Canada on July 21, 2003. Marge and Diane are treated as married by their children and grandchildren, but not by their government. Marge and Diane want Washington to recognize that they are married.
  • Tom Duke and Phuoc Lam of Port Townsend: Tom is a clinical psychologist and served in the Navy as an interpreter in Vietnam. A native of Saigon, Phuoc arrived in the U.S. as a refugee and now owns a hiking and outdoor equipment store. The couple has been together six years. Tom and Phuoc love each other, and believe that the State should not limit marriage on the basis of race, gender, or sexual orientation. Tom and Phuoc want to be married in Washington.
  • Gary Murrell and Michael Gyde of Hoquiam: Gary is a writer and History professor at Grays Harbor College. Michael is an antiques dealer. The couple has been together for 25 years. Gary and Michael want to marry in order to ensure that they will be able to take care of each other and that they will be adequately protected as they get older.
  • Karrie Cunningham and Kathy Cunningham of Graham in Pierce County: Karrie is a consultant. Kathy is currently unemployed. The Cunninghams have been together 11 years and have raised Karrie’s 18-year-old son together. In February 2004, Kathy and Karrie were married in San Francisco. The Cunninghams want Washington to recognize that they are married. In the alternative, Kathy and Karrie want to be married in Washington.
  • Kevin Chestnut and Curtis Crawford of Seattle: Kevin is an executive for a software company. Curtis is a photographer. They have been together 19 years. They were married in British Columbia in October 2003. When Kevin’s appendix burst a few years ago, the hospital would not let Curtis make emergency health care decisions for him without obtaining verification from Kevin’s mother on the east coast. Kevin has recently been diagnosed with cancer, which made the couple even more aware of the impact of legal inequalities. Kevin and Curtis want Washington to recognize that they are married.
  • Pamela Coffey and Valerie Tibbett of Friday Harbor: Pamela is a photographer. Valerie is a retired administrative law judge. They have been in a committed, loving relationship for 31 years. When Pamela was recently airlifted to a hospital on the mainland, she and Valerie faced anxiety and uncertainty because they did not have copies of documents confirming their relationship. Pamela and Valerie want to be married in Washington.
  • Allan Henderson and John Berquist of Seattle: Allan is an international consultant in the areas of hunger, health, and third world development. John is a nurse. They have been a couple for 23 years. Over the years, Allan and John have taken advantage of legal tools like wills, power of attorneys, and private domestic partner benefits. But they have seen the limitations of private contracts.Marriage for them is about the importance of recognizing that they are a family.
  • Lauri Conner and Leja Wright of Seattle: Lauri Conner is a high school English teacher at Seattle Academy for Arts and Sciences. Leja is a medical assistant at the Country Doctor Clinic. The interracial couple has been together for three-and-a-half years.They hope to have children together soon. As part of educating high school seniors, Conner teaches about divisions that exist on the basis of race and sex.She sees the current Washington law’s refusal to respect their relationship in the context of other historic examples of discrimination.

The legal complaint in the case is online at /node/35022

Sign up to be the first to hear about how to take action.

Learn More About the Issues in This Press Release