NJ Leaders Call on Murphy to Create Legal Counsel Program for Detained Immigrants in Need Facing Deportation

Signers include Archdiocese of New Jersey, leading law firms and legal service providers, and retired immigration judges

Affiliate: ACLU of New Jersey
January 29, 2018 3:45 pm

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More than 50 leading New Jersey legal organizations, former immigration judges, law professors, faith and labor groups signed on to a letter urging Governor Phil Murphy to establish a publicly funded universal representation program to provide appointed counsel to low-income New Jersey immigrants who are detained and facing potential deportation.

About two-thirds of immigrants detained for civil immigration violations in New Jersey fight their cases without legal representation. Governor Murphy has called for a new state Office of Immigrant Protection to defend New Jersey immigrant families as immigration arrests and detentions skyrocket under the Trump administration. The letter is available here. (PDF)

The lack of adequate legal representation for immigrants facing deportation in the Garden State has had an alarming impact on immigrant families. More than 87.5% of immigrants in New Jersey have U.S. citizen children. According to a report by Seton Hall Law School, those lacking legal representation are three times more likely to lose their case and be separated from their families. Detained immigrants are particularly vulnerable: only 14% of detained immigrants in New Jersey were able to avoid deportation without legal representation.

Over the past several years, 12 cities across the country and New York State have launched universal legal representation programs for low-income, detained immigrants. The first such program, the New York Immigrant Family Unity Program has successfully increased detained immigrants’ chances of avoiding deportation and staying united with their families by 1100 percent. Ensuring access to counsel decreases taxpayer dollars spent on detaining immigrants, supports the economy by keeping immigrants in the workforce and creates a more efficient and just legal system.

Farrin Anello, Senior Staff Attorney, American Civil Liberties Union of New Jersey, said: “Access to counsel is a matter of due process. The federal government is always represented by counsel in immigration court. When an unrepresented person is forced to argue complex issues of immigration law against a trained government lawyer, this leads to absurd and unfair results.”

Lori Nessel, Professor of Law and Director of the Center for Social Justice, Seton Hall University School of Law, said, “Immigrants in deportation proceedings risk losing the very things that give meaning to life—family, safety, work, and the country they call home. Justice requires counsel and a meaningful opportunity to be heard when the stakes are so high.”

Susan Roy, Former Immigration Judge and Immigration and Customs Enforcement attorney, said, “As a former Immigration Judge, and before that as an attorney for Immigration and Customs Enforcement, I have witnessed first-hand how the lack of representation for respondents causes significant delays in the Court proceedings. The Judges and ICE attorneys often are forced to act as de facto attorneys for respondents, at least on procedural issues. This is extremely time-consuming, especially during a Master Calendar hearing, when the Court may have 60-70 cases scheduled in the morning and two merits hearings in the afternoon.

“More importantly, many respondents who are eligible under the law to apply for relief from deportation have no understanding of how to properly prepare their applications, much less obtain the necessary evidence needed to support a specific application. Thus, they often submit applications that do not meet legal requirements, or worse, just choose not to proceed with their cases. This means, in practice, that people who are not only eligible, but potentially very deserving of relief from deportation do not receive it simply because they cannot afford an attorney. This violates every principle of the American justice system and should be rectified.”

Catherine Weiss, chair of the Lowenstein Center for the Public Interest at Lowenstein Sandler, said: “Deportation divides families, disrupts livelihoods, and can expose individuals to grave dangers. With the stakes this high, it is only right to ensure access to counsel to prevent unjustified deportations. Appointed lawyers are especially important for detained immigrants who may otherwise languish in jail for months or years even when they have strong defenses. And the pro bono resources of the private bar are generally focused on non-detained immigrants, meaning that the need is greatest for those who are detained.”

Nicole Polley Miller, Legal Services Director, American Friends Service Committee – Immigrant Rights Program, said: “A publicly-funded right to counsel project for detained immigrants in New Jersey is critical to protect the due process rights of both long-time New Jersey residents, individuals with deep ties to our communities and with families who would be devastated by their detention and deportation, as well as recently arrived immigrants fleeing violence and persecution in their home countries.”

Manuel G., a member of Make the Road New Jersey, said: “When I was detained in Elizabeth Detention Center, I could not afford an attorney. I had to represent myself in a language that I did not understand, and was detained for more than four months. I had a strong case and in the end the judge realized that the law allowed me to stay in this country, but if I’d had access to free counsel, I would have been able to reunite with my family sooner.”

The following organizations and individuals signed on to the letter:
Archdiocese of Newark
American Civil Liberties Union of New Jersey
American Friends Service Committee Immigrant Rights Program
Bangladeshi American Women’s Development Initiative
Beacon Unitarian Universalist Congregation
Linda S. Bosniak, Distinguished Professor of Law, Rutgers Law School*
Honorable Sarah M. Burr, Retired Immigration Judge
CATA – The Farmworker Support Committee
Centro Comunitario CEUS
Community of Friends in Action, Inc.
Diaspora Law, LLC
Faith in New Jersey
First Congregational Church of Montclair
First Friends of New Jersey & New York
Joanne Gottesman, Clinical Professor of Law and Director, Immigrant Justice Clinic, Rutgers Law School*
Anju Gupta, Professor of Law, Director, Immigrant Rights Clinic Rutgers School of Law*
Human Rights First
Immigrant Support
John J. Gibbons Fellowship in Public Interest & Constitutional Law
Kids in Need of Defense (KIND)
Latin American Legal Defense and Education Fund
Latinas United for Political Empowerment (LUPE)
Latino Action Network
LIUNA Local 78
Local 262 of New Jersey RWDSU/UFCW
Lowenstein Center for the Public Interest at Lowenstein Sandler
Lutheran Episcopal Advocacy Ministry NJ
Randi Mandelbaum, Distinguished Clinical Professor of Law, Annamay Sheppard Scholar, and Director, Child Advocacy Clinic Rutgers Law School*
Make the Road New Jersey
McCarter & English, LLP
Monmouth Center for World Religions and Ethical Thought
Municipality of Princeton, NJ
National Association of Social Workers – NJ
National Lawyers Guild Delaware-New Jersey Chapter
National Lawyers Guild – Rutgers School of Law (Newark) Chapter
Lori Nessel Professor of Law, Director of the Center for Social Justice, Seton Hall University School of Law*
New Labor
New Jersey Alliance for Immigrant Justice
New Jersey Policy Perspective
Partners for Women and Justice
Reform Jewish Voice of New Jersey
Honorable Susan G. Roy, Former Immigration Judge
Honorable Paul Wickham Schmidt, Retired Immigration Judge
Bishop John Schol, the United Methodist Church of Greater New Jersey
SEIU 1199
Unitarian Universalist FaithAction New Jersey
Veterans for American Ideals-NY/NJ
Volunteer Lawyers for Justice
Law Offices of Asma Warsi
Wind of the Spirit
Working Families Alliance of New Jersey

*Title and affiliation listed for identification purposes only

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