In Al-Aulaqi v. Obama (Al-Awlaki v. Obama), the groups charged that the authority contemplated by the Obama administration is far broader than what the Constitution and international law allow. Outside of armed conflict, both the Constitution and international law prohibit targeted killing except as a last resort to protect against concrete, specific, and imminent threats of death or serious physical injury. An extrajudicial killing policy under which names are added to CIA and military “kill lists” through a secret executive process and stay there for months at a time is plainly not limited to imminent threats.
The groups charged that targeting individuals for execution who are suspected of terrorism but have not been convicted or even charged — without oversight, judicial process, or disclosed standards for placement on kill lists — also poses the risk that the government will erroneously target the wrong people. In recent years, the U.S. government has detained many men as terrorists, only for courts or the government itself to discover later that the evidence was wrong or unreliable.
The legal complaint alleged that the government's refusal to disclose the standards it uses for authorizing the premeditated and deliberate killing of U.S. citizens located far from any battlefield violated the Constitution. The groups argued that the American people are entitled to know the standards being used for these life and death decisions.
A federal court dismissed the case on December 7, 2010