Over a decade ago, I had the great honor to be part of a team representing Betty Dukes, an employee at Wal-Mart who had received unfair treatment at her job and had decided to do something about it. Betty soon became the face of a large class of women who worked at Wal-Mart and faced similar types of discrimination in the workplace. These women banded together, from all across the country, to take on sex discrimination at one of the world’s largest employers—and through it all, Betty Dukes remained at the forefront fighting for justice. “In this life,” said Betty, “you have to stand up or be trampled.” The ACLU co-authored a brief before the Supreme Court, joined by a large number of civil rights groups, highlighting the gender stereotypes that the women were banding together to challenge.
One year ago today, the Supreme Court’s decision in Wal-Mart v. Dukes prohibited the women of Wal-Mart from joining together to fight discrimination in a single lawsuit. The decision put in place stringent new standards for bringing class action employment discrimination claims—essentially undermining decades of settled law and ensuring that many of those claims against large employers will be “disqualified at the starting gate,” as Justice Ginsberg put it in her dissenting opinion. The Wal-Mart decision showcased yet another of the Supreme Court’s recent efforts to take away important tools needed to put a stop to discrimination in the workplace.
Just as we fought for—and won—legislative reform to restore the law after the Court’s harmful holding in cases like Ledbetter v. Goodyear Tire and Rubber Co., the ACLU, along with Betty, our coalition partners, and champions on Capitol Hill, are working to roll back the negative impact of Wal-Mart v. Dukes for workers across America.
Today, on the one year anniversary of the Supreme Court’s decision in that case, Sen. Al Franken and Rep. Rosa DeLauro have stood up to this injustice with Betty and introduced the Equal Employment Opportunity Restoration Act — a bill that would restore workers’ ability to effectively bring discrimination claims as a group and would reverse the damaging precedent established by the Wal-Mart majority. For the women of Wal-Mart who were denied the opportunity to move forward with their pay discrimination case, and for all American workers who lost an important tool to combat employer discrimination on that day last June, this bill introduction represents an important step in the right direction.
Specifically, the Equal Employment Opportunity Restoration Act would:
Workers deserve the opportunity to effectively combat discrimination in the workplace, and class actions have long been the most effective means of enforcing our anti-discrimination laws.
Without the ability to join together, individual workers who seek to combat discrimination:
In the end, group actions fulfill the intent of our civil rights laws by producing real change in the workplace, often resulting in new workplace policies and procedures that more effectively address and combat discrimination for everyone.