The fruits of the movement’s First Amendment action also led to two more landmark civil rights laws. The 1965 Voting Rights Act assured the right to vote in Southern states, where the vote had been all but denied for a century, and the 1968 Fair Housing Act barred discrimination in housing, one of the most tenacious forms of racial bias.
However, the 1960s was not only the decade of the civil rights movement. These were also historic years for the Warren Court, when the court broke with prior decades and issued some of its great civil liberties decisions. Besides the most groundbreaking, ending racial segregation in public schools (the District was among the plaintiffs), the Warren Court issued opinions ensuring equal representation in state legislatures, expanding constitutional rights for defendants, and opening the path for legalization of abortion, among many other historic decisions.