Legislation Affecting LGBT Rights Across the Country

Updated every Monday

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people in America face discrimination in their daily lives.  A majority of states don’t have explicit laws prohibiting discrimination in employment, housing, and public accommodations.  While more states every year strive to pass laws to protect their citizens from discrimination and advance LGBTQ equality, we continue to see lawmakers sponsor bills that invoke religion, pre-empt local protections, and target transgender and nonbinary people to allow, and in some cases mandate, discrimination.

All people – including those who are LGBTQ – should be treated fairly and equally by the laws of their state, and should have the opportunity to earn a living, access housing and healthcare, and participate fully in society.  

*Note: Bills are reported as Active below if they were introduced in their states' 2018 legislative sessions and have carried over to 2019. The status date indicates the convening of the state's 2019 session or the most current activity on a particular bill. 

For 2018 Session bills, click HERE.

Expanding Rights for LGBTQ People

a.   Comprehensive Nondiscrimination Protection

Comprehensive nondiscrimination bills prohibit discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity (or only gender identity if state law already covers sexual orientation), in a range of contexts, including employment, housing, and public accommodations.  Comprehensive bills do not have overly broad religious exemptions or other carve-outs that allow discrimination against LGBTQ people.

State

Bill Number

Status

ID S 1015 1/21/2019: Referred to State Affairs

IN

SB 402

1/31/2019: Senator Stoops Added as Coauthor

KY HB164 2/5/2019:Referred to Judiciary

MO

SB 172

1/31/2019:Second Read, Referred to Small Business & Industry Committee

MS HB 251 2/5/2019: Died in Committee
ND HB 1441 2/18/2019: Second Reading Failed to Pass (Yeas: 22 , Nays: 70)

ND

HB 2303 1/25/2019: Second Reading Failed to Pass (Yeas: 20, Nays: 27)

NY

 

AB 747

SB 1047

1/15/2019: Substituted by SB 1047 

1/25/2019: Signed by Governor

NY

 

AB 1592

SB 1857

1/15/2019: Referred to Education 

1/16/2019: Referred to Education 

SC

H 3239

1/8/2019: Referred to Committee on Judiciary

VA HB 2421 2/5/2019: House: Left in General Laws

b.    Incomplete Nondiscrimination Protection

Incomplete nondiscrimination bills include those that lack gender identity protections, those that do not prevent discrimination in all key contexts, and those that contain broad religious exemptions language or carve-outs, including for sex-segregated facilities.

State

Bill Number

Status

AZ

SB 1249 Prefiled 
AZ  HB 2546 Prefiled
CT SB 792 2/15/2019: Vote to Draft 
FL SB 430 3/5/2019: Introduced
FL SB 438 3/5/2019: Introduced
FL HB 485 3/5/2019: 1st Reading
KS SB 84 2/5/2019: Referred to Committee on Judiciary
KS HB 2130 2/4/2019: Referred to Committee on Federal & State Affairs   
IL HB 3640  3/5/2019: Assigned to Executive Committee 

IN

SB 344

1/31/2019: Senator Stoops Added as Coauthor

MA SB 858 1/22/2019: Referred to the Committee
MD HB 295 3/8/2019: 1st Reading Judicial Proceedings
MO

HB 96

2/27/2019: Public Hearing Completed

MO

HB 208

1/10/2019: Read for a Second Time

MO

HB 350

1/10/2019: Read for a Second Time

MS SB 2414 2/5/2019: Died in Committee
MT HB 465  3/2/2019: Missed Deadline for General Bill Transmittal
NE LB 627 3/5/2019: Motion to Overrule the Chair, Failed
NH SB 263 2/2/2019: Next Hearing on 3/4/2019
NH HB 608 1/29/2019: In Committee 
NM HB 227 2/27/2019: Passed in Senate
OH SB 11 2/19/2019: Referred to Committee
PA SB 224 2/8/2019: Referred to Labor & Industry

SC

H 3239

1/8/2019: Referred  to Committee on Judiciary

SC H 3786 1/29/2019: Referred to Committee on Judiciary 
TX SB 151 2/1/2019: Referred to State Affairs 
TX  HB 188 2/13/2019: Referred to Urban Affaris 
TX SB 850  3/1/2019: Referred to Health & Human Services  
TX SB 886 3/1/2019: Referred to State Affairs 
TX HB 2692 2/28/2019: Filed 
VA SB 1232 1/14/2019: Incorporated by General Laws & Technology 

VA 

 

SB 1109

HB 1823

2/19/2019 House: Left in General Laws

1/28/2019: House: Stricken from Docket by Rules (16-Y, 0-N)

VA

SB 1287

HB 1864

1/31/2019: Senate: Stricken at Request of Patron in Commerce & Labor (13-Y, 1-N)

2/5/2019: House: Left in Commerce & Labor

VA HB 2067 2/5/2019: House: Left in General Laws
VA HB 2677 2/5/2019: House: Left in General Laws 
WV SB 391 2/22/2019: To Judiciary
WV SB 484 1/30/2019: Referred to Judiciary 
WV HB 2349 1/11/2019: Referred to House Industry & Labor 
WV HB 2733 2/25/2019: Motion to Take from Table Rejected
WV HB 2741 1/30/2019: Referred to House Industry & Labor 
WV HB 2755  1/30/2019: Referred to House Industry & Labor 
WV HB 2763 1/30/2019: Referred to House Industry & Labor 
WV HB 3124  2/12/2019: Referred to House Judiciary 

c.    Identification Documents Bills

State

Bill Number

Status

AZ HB 2290 1/18/2019: Introduced

CO

HB 1039

2/15/2019: Re-engrossed

HI

SB 429

3/7/2019: Passed 1st Reading, Referred to TRN, JUD

HI HB 568 2/13/2019: Report Adopted, Passed Second Reading, Referred to Committee
HI HB 1165 2/27/2019: Passed 1st Reading
NH HB 669 3/6/2019: Next Hearing
NJ  A 4870 2/14/2019: Reported & Referred to Assembly Appropriations Committee
NJ A 4878 1/15/2019: Introduced, Referred to Assembly Transportation & Independent Authorities Committee 
VA SB 1643 1/24/2019: Senate - Passed by Indefinitely in Education & Health 
VA HB 18464 2/5/2019: House: Left in Commerce & Labor 

d.    Healthcare Access Bills

State

Bill Number

Status

VA

 

SB 1287 1/31/2019: Senate: Stricken at Request of Patron in Commerce & Labor (13-Y, 1-N)

Harmful anti-LGBTQ Bills:

Anti-Transgender Bills

These measures target transgender and nonbinary people for discrimination, such as by barring access to or even criminalizing the use of appropriate facilities, including restrooms, restricting transgender students’ ability to fully participate in school, authorizing healthcare discrimination against trans people, allowing religiously-motivated discrimination against trans people, or making it more difficult for trans people to get identification documents with their name and gender. 

a.   Single-Sex Facility Restrictions

State

Bill Number

Status

MA HB 1427 1/22/2019: Referred to the Committee on Judiciary  
MA  HB 1504  1/22/2019: Referred to the Committee on Judiciary  

TN

SB 1297  2/11/2019: Passed on Second Consideration, Referred to Judiciary Committee 
TN  HB 1151 3/6/2019: Placed on Calendar—Criminal Justice Subcommittee for 3/13/2019 
WA HB 2088 2/18/2019: First Reading, Referred to Public Safety

b.   Anti-Trans Religious Exemptions

State

Bill Number

Status

AR SB 352  2/18/2019: Second Reading, Referred to Judiciary Committee 
MS HB 1176 2/5/2019: Died in Committee
TX HB 1035 2/26/2019: Referred to State Affairs

c.   Restrictions on Identification Documents

State

Bill Number

Status

d.   Restrictions on Access to Healthcare

State

Bill Number

Status

AK HB 5 2/20/2019: Referred to State Affairs
IL  HB 3515 2/15/2019: Referred to Rules Committee 
TX  SB 1107 3/7/2019: Referred to Health & Human Services

e.   Other Anti-Trans bills

State

Bill Number

Status

KS HB 2320 2/13/2019: Referred to Committee on Judiiciary 
NC HB 65 2/14/2019: Referred to Committee on Rules  

NH

HB 163

1/31/2019: Inexpedient to Legislate

SD

HB 49

1/24/2019: Education Committee Deferred to the 41st Legislative Day, PASSED

SD HB 1108 

2/22/2019: State Affairs Deferred to the 41st Legislative Day, PASSED 

SD HB 1205  2/7/2019: Deferred to the 41st Legislative Day, PASSED
SD HB 1225 2/25/2019: House of Representatives Do Pass, FAILED.  
TX HB 1910 3/5/2019: Referred to Juvenile Justice & Family Issues  

Religious Exemption Bills

a.   Religious Freedom Restoration Acts (RFRAs)

RFRAs make it easier for people to demand exemptions to generally applicable laws by allowing lawsuits challenging any governmental policy (such as non-discrimination laws) that someone says substantially burdens their religious beliefs. The government must prove that enforcing the policy is the least restrictive way of furthering a compelling governmental interest.

State

Bill Number

Status

GA SB 221 2/28/2019: Senate Read and Referred 
IA SF 240  2/19/2019: Reported out of Committee 
WV Hb 2985 2/11/2019: Sent to House Judiciary 

b.   First Amendment Defense Acts (FADAs)

Allow anyone - including government employees, contractors, and for-profit businesses – to act with impunity based on religious beliefs or moral convictions regarding marriage for same-sex couples, sexual activity outside of heterosexual marriage, and transgender people.  This would open the door to unprecedented taxpayer-funded discrimination.  For example, government employees, government contractors or grantees – including those providing important social services like homeless shelters or drug treatment programs -- could discriminate against married same-sex couples and their families, single mothers, or anyone who has a sexual relationship outside of a marriage.

State

Bill Number

Status

MA HB 1392 1/22/2019: Referred to Committee on the Judiciary  

c.   Healthcare Exemptions

Would allow those with religious objections to refuse care and undermine professional standards that apply equally to everyone. For instance, a high school guidance counselor could refuse to counsel a gay teenager, citing their sincerely held religious beliefs.

State

Bill Number

Status

d.   Adoption & Foster Care Exemptions

Would allow adoption and foster care agencies to refuse to provide any adoption or foster care services that would conflict with the religious beliefs of the agency, regardless of the best interests of the children in their care.  

State

Bill Number

Status

KY

HB 160

2/5/2019:Referred to Health & Family Services

TN HB 836 3/6/2019: Placed on Calendar Children & Families Subcommittee for 3/12/2019
TN SB 848 2/11/2019: Passed on 2nd Consideration, Referred to Senate Judiciary Committee 
TN HB 1152 3/5/2019: Taken Off Notice for Calendar in Children & Families for 3/12/2019
TN SB 1304 2/11/2019: Passed on 2nd Consideration, Referred to Senate Judiciary Committee

e.   Marriage-Related Exemptions

These bills create different types of religious exemptions regarding marriage.  Some of these bills apply to religious organizations, while others authorize discrimination by businesses or government officials.  Some bills explicitly target same-sex couples and others would allow discrimination based on religious beliefs about any marriage.

State

Bill Number

Status

CO  HB 1140 1/28/2019: Introduced
KS HB 2320 2/13/2019: Referred to Committee on Judiciary 
NC  HB 65 2/14/2019: Referred to Committee on Rules 
NJ A2864 2/1/2018: Introduced  

f.   Exemptions for Schools and Student Organizations

These bills would require public universities and schools to allow discrimination, such as by providing funding to student groups that exclude members because of their sexual orientation or gender identity. 

State

Bill Number

Status

MO  SB 314  3/5/2019: Hearing Scheduled for Education Committee  
MO HB 837 2/6/2019: Read for a Second Time 
MO HB 927 2/25/2019: Public Hearing Completed  
TX SB 880 3/5/2019: Co-author authorized

g.   Other Religious Exemption Bills

State

Bill Number

Status

Bills Pre-Empting Local Protections

These bills prevent cities and other local government entities from passing nondiscrimination protections that are more expansive than the protections offered at the state level, including protections for LGBT people.   

State

Bill Number

Status

TN SB 1282 2/11/2019: Passed on Second Consideration, Refer to Judiciary Committee

Other Anti-LGBTQ Bills

State

Bill Number

Status

TN  HB 1369  2/13/2019: Assigned to Children & Families Subcommittee 

 

 

 

 

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