Why Are We Still Asking if a Dying Woman Should Be Able to Get an Abortion to Save Her Life?

A recent analysis of abortion attitudes by The New York Times came to the right conclusion: The divide on how Americans feel about abortion is much smaller than partisan politics would have us believe.

But there's a bigger idea that the piece in the Times — and the poll it relies on — missed: All too often, we're still asking the wrong questions when it comes to gauging public opinion on abortion. We're too focused on questions at the margins — death versus abortion, rape, and incest or abortion under all circumstances or no circumstances. These questions do little to illuminate the reality of most women's lives and the range of feelings people have about abortions that happen in the real world.

Much of the piece centers on how Americans feel about two questions. The first is whether a woman who needs an abortion to save her life should be able to get one. Why are we still asking this? Is whether a woman should be forced to die rather than have an abortion really still up for debate when it comes to public opinion? I don't think so.

The other question examined at length concerns a woman who wants an abortion because of the sex of the baby. To set the record straight, that's a largely imagined scenario, designed in part by abortion opponents to communicate the stigmatizing idea that a woman who has decided to have an abortion is doing so for a frivolous reason.  Not to mention that it's racist, relying on ugly stereotypes about women of color. Asking this question doesn't get at any kind of truth on abortion attitudes.

I'm thrilled that the analysis in the Times' got the real answer. But it's still not asking the right questions.

Women have abortions for complex reasons — to better take care of the children they already have, to pursue an education or career and improve their life circumstances, or simply because they know they are not in a position to be the best parent they can be.

For many years, it's been clear that when you ask people about how abortion impacts real women's lives — instead of party-line questions about abortion under all circumstances or no circumstances — you get surprising answers and high levels of agreement.

Vox recently took this wholly different approach. Instead of asking the standard questions, the poll asked questions like:

"Which comes closer to your view: The law says a woman has a right to an abortion. As long as this is the law, women should have access to safe and affordable abortion care. Or even though there is a right to abortion, we should work to reduce abortions by making it harder for women to access care."

And:

"Think about a woman who has decided to have an abortion. How would you want that experience to be for her?"

And even:

"If a close family member or friend told you she decided to have an abortion, would you give her a lot of support?"

When you ask these types of questions, a much deeper, more nuanced, and more accurate picture of attitudes on abortion appears. In that picture, it's clear that Americans are in overwhelming agreement that a woman who has decided to get an abortion should be able to get one without additional hurdles. They're in overwhelming agreement that we shouldn't be passing laws that make a woman who has decided to get an abortion feel ashamed about her decision.

And Americans agree that lawmakers who are determined to restrict access to abortion are moving our country in the wrong direction.

Buried in the Times piece, even with it's strange focus on scenarios that have little connection to most abortions, is one clear truth: "Focusing on the exact details of abortion decisions may reveal more about when Americans agree on this difficult issue than when they disagree."

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kristine weibel

Abortion is legal. Why is there any debate? Well, there has not been for 20+ years - until the religious extremists made my abortion, my right to choose, their right to infringe. I am 64, in my late 20's I had an abortion, actually, more than one. It was not a big deal, it was not something I was ashamed of, it was not something hidden. It was, for me a responsible, financial decision, one I defend today. Unfortunately, I live in Tx and legal abortion are not accessible, I would not hesitate to go to another state because I am privileged. I admit this, I am so sorry for those that live rural, I am sorry that our legislators in slave women in this state, I am sorry that the GOP has made our uterus' and our eggs their priority. With so many issues of true importance, the GOP has placed women's bodies, and rights above all else. I fight these religious bigots every day. It is my mission for every woman to have the freedom to choose as I did. I will continue my fight.

Anonymous

Are we "religious bigots" for wanting to make sure an unborn baby does not have to die an excruciating death because the mother wants to have sex without consequences? If you decide to have sex then be prepared for the consequences and don't make your baby pay with his life for your actions.

Anonymous

To the anonymous poster above me: It is a disturbing thought to imagine a world where a woman ought "pay with her life" to show the rest of the risks of "sex without consequences". Your implication being that you should be punished for sex by learning a "lesson". The Game-of-thrones/scarlet letter notions of life debts for deeds aside, you think assigning children to people is a reasonable and ethical form of punishment.

Anonymous

And if a woman is healthy, but only wants an abortion for convenience, what then?

Anonymous

There is no such thing as an abortion for convenience.

Anonymous

What then? She gets one and continues to have sex and sacrifice her babies on the altar of "convenience"

Robin Peacock

if the anti abortion campaigners are telling us that abortion prevents a life from developing then surely all forms of contraception fall into the same category? I wonder how many of these agitators use some form or other?

Anonymous

Why is it any of our business?

That's the only question we need to ask.

Henry

You don't really address the question of trivial reasons which are fairly common: gender usually being the primary one.

Anonymous

The answer to your question, between me and you, is partly because the pro-choice camp indulges in so much make-believe that it's easy to tune it out if you're on the fringe. Women say it's about "their body" and "their rights", when this is obviously not true. I mean, only someone who is REALLY pro-choice would echo this rallying cry. Because it's so obviously not true! Is the actual truth not good enough? The truth is that we are killing a fetus because it's very, very convenient. That's what it is. And it's not like some sort of tragedy. Until the pro-choice movement can come to terms with this then the movement will probably never achieve the respect it wants.

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