Manuel Velez v. The State of Texas
Manuel Velez, an innocent man, was released from a Texas prison today after almost nine years behind bars, four on death row. Rather than risk a new trial that could be plagued with the same problems that sent him to death row, Velez, an ACLU client, pleased no contest to a lesser charge.
In April 2013, Judge Elia Corenjo Lopez recommended that Velez be given a whole new trial. The order was granted after hearing evidence that had Manuel Velez been afforded quality counsel during his first trial – counsel who would have presented evidence of his clear innocence – it is highly unlikely he would have spent four years on death row for a crime he did not commit.
In June 2012, the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals threw out the death sentence of ACLU client Manuel Velez, ruling it was based on the false testimony of a state expert. The court found that both the expert, A.P. Merillat – whose false testimony resulted in the reversal two years ago of the death sentence given to another ACLU client – and the prosecutor, should have known the testimony was false, but presented it anyway, leading to an unjust death sentence.
The decision reversed Velez's death sentence, but his appeals were far from over. Based on the record the court received from the trial court, it upheld Velez's conviction for first-degree murder in the killing of the infant son of his girlfriend.
In December 2012, lawyers for Velez presented new evidence – which casts substantial doubt on his guilt – in a motion to set aside Velez's conviction. This week's order is a decision on the arguments presented in this hearing.
The problem of inadequate counsel for the poor has tainted the trials in which hundreds of people have been sentenced to death rows across this country. So far, 142 people on death row have been exonerated after being proven innocent. With this week's order (which must be affirmed by the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals to take legal effect), Manuel Velez moves one step closer to joining that list, and to regaining his long-lost and unjustly-taken freedom.