Restrictive Zoning Regulations for Abortion Clinics Extreme, Unconstitutional
Using zoning rules and regulations to hinder access to abortion care is not a new tactic for legislators across the country. But Senate Bill 2323 would place more stringent restrictions on where abortions clinics could be located in North Dakota, effectively eliminating access to abortion care in the state.
The ACLU of North Dakota opposes Senate Bill 2323. Prohibiting abortion clinics from getting a permit for new construction or building an addition if the clinic is within a 30-mile radius of a school is extreme, and, if passed, would likely be found unconstitutional.
“This bill is about using arbitrary zoning regulations to make abortion access more difficult, if not impossible,” said Libby Skarin, ACLU of North Dakota campaigns director. “Politicians should be focusing on protecting the health, rights and well-being of all North Dakotans instead of devising new ways to attack abortion rights with extreme legislation every two years. It’s long past time for our elected officials to stop interfering with people’s personal health care decisions and to start dealing with the very real problems in our state.”
If passed, Senate Bill 2323 would put North Dakota taxpayers on the hook legal fees associated with litigation. Recent court precedent in Alabama and Tennessee, where similar zoning laws and ordinances were passed and the ACLU successfully sued, confirms this.
In Alabama, the federal court permanently blocked the zoning restriction in 2016 and the state did not appeal. In Mt. Juliet, Tenn., the federal court issued a preliminary injunction of the town’s zoning ordinance and the suit was settled after the town voluntarily repealed its zoning ordinance in 2020. In both instances, however, the regulated clinic zoning was at a distance of just 1,000 to 2,000 feet from a school – far less than the 30-mile radius proposed in Senate Bill 2323.
Senate Bill 2323 is scheduled to be heard in the Senate Political Subdivisions Committee today. The ACLU of North Dakota provided written testimony in opposition, available here: https://www.aclund.org/sites/default/files/field_documents/2.11.2021.acl…
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