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Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization

Location: Mississippi
Court Type: U.S. Supreme Court
Status: Closed (Judgment)
Last Update: June 27, 2022

What's at Stake

The case concerns the constitutionality of a Mississippi law prohibiting abortions after the fifteenth week of pregnancy. The state used the case as a vehicle to ask the Supreme Court to take away the federal constitutional right to abortion it first recognized 50 years before in Roe v. Wade. On June 24, 2022, the Supreme Court of the United States accepted the state’s invitation and overturned Roe eliminating the federal constitutional right to abortion.

Summary

The case was filed by the Center for Reproductive Rights in March 2018 on behalf of Jackson Women’s Health Organization—the last remaining abortion clinic in Mississippi—to challenging the state’s ban on abortions after 15 weeks of pregnancy. Because the ban was blatantly unconstitutional under 50 years of precedent first the lower courts blocked it from taking effect.

Mississippi then took the case to the Supreme Court asking initially for the Court to uphold its ban attempting to argue that it was consistent with Roe v. Wade. But after Justice Amy Coney Barrett was confirmed to the Supreme Court, Mississippi changed its strategy and asked the Court to overrule outright.

The American Civil Liberties Union, alongside the American Civil Liberties Union of Mississippi, filed an Amicus brief in the case.

On June 24, 2022, the Supreme Court accepted the state’s invitation and overturned Roe eliminating the federal constitutional right to abortion.

This decision will allow extremists across the country to ban abortion and force women and others who can become pregnant into a second-class status by denying them control over their bodies and their futures. Because of this decision, half the states are expected to ban abortion, denying the 36 million women and other people who can become pregnant in those states the fundamental right to decide for themselves if and when to have a child. The impacts of pushing abortion out of reach fall disproportionately on the same women and other people who have always faced systemic barriers to care — communities of color, people living on low-incomes, undocumented immigrants, young people, the LGBTQ+ community, and people with disabilities.

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