New Information About CIA Extraordinary Rendition Program Highlights Need For Transparency, Accountability

We may be finally learning more about the CIA's involvement in the 2003 abduction and rendition to torture of a Muslim cleric, Hassan Mustafa Nasr (aka Abu Omar). This week, Sabrina De Sousa confirmed that she was a former CIA undercover officer, and provided new details about events that led to the first (and, to date, only) prosecutions and convictions for abuses committed by U.S. officials as part of its "extraordinary rendition" program. Her account highlights the desperate need for the United States to thoroughly investigate the role of government officials in acts of torture and extraordinary rendition committed in the years following 9/11.

In 2003, CIA agents seized Abu Omar from the streets of Milan, Italy and rendered him to Egypt for interrogation and torture by Egyptian officials. He was later released without charge or trial.

In September 2012, Italy's highest court affirmed the in absentia convictions of 23 Americans, including De Sousa, and two Italians involved in Abu Omar's kidnapping and torture. The ACLU opposes trials in absentia, which raise serious due process concerns; the Italian proceedings serve as a reminder, however, of the lack of accountability in the United States for CIA abuses. De Sousa, who was sentenced by the Italian court to seven years in prison, had previously denied any involvement with the CIA, claiming instead that she was a State Department employee and that she should have been granted diplomatic immunity from prosecution.

De Sousa now admits that at the time of the extraordinary rendition, she was a CIA agent and involved in the rendition as a translator between the CIA snatch team and their Italian counterparts. Incensed for "being held accountable for decisions that someone else took," De Sousa has provided shocking – but by no means surprising – details about the extraordinary rendition operation in a series of recent interviews with McClatchy Press.

De Sousa revealed that the former CIA station chief in Rome, Jeffrey Castelli, had exaggerated the threat Abu Omar posed in order to win approval for the extraordinary rendition, and misled his superiors into believing that Italian military intelligence had agreed to the operation. She also claims that the extraordinary rendition was approved at the highest levels of government despite doubts about the threat Nasr posed; those involved in the decision-making process, she says, included former CIA director George Tenet; Condoleezza Rice, who was national security advisor at the time; and then-President Bush. (Among those convicted, Robert Lady, the CIA's former Milan station chief, was sentenced in absentia to nine years for his involvement in the rendition; read De Sousa's account for more on his case.)

De Sousa's revelations highlight the need for greater transparency and accountability by the United States government for the torture and abuse that occurred during the Bush administration. Criminal investigations initially opened into specific allegations of abuse have all been closed and the government has consistently shut down attempts to challenge its actions in court through claims of state secrets and immunity. Other nations, such as Italy, however, have taken a different approach.

Click here to learn how different countries have pursued accountability for their roles in the U.S. torture and rendition program.

In addition, the European Court of Human Rights recently agreed to consider a second case against Poland over allegations from another former CIA prisoner, Zayn al-Abidin Muhammad Husayn (known as Abu Zubaydah), who was tortured while held in a secret CIA-run prison in Poland. While these measures are an important step in ensuring accountability for U.S. actions on the global stage, they do not absolve the U.S. from its own responsibility under international law to hold those who were responsible for CIA abuses accountable, and release information about the unlawful activities carried out as part of the extraordinary rendition program. An important starting point should be the declassification and publication of the Senate Select Intelligence Committee report, the only official account of the CIA's torture and abuse. De Sousa may have provided important information on one specific extraordinary rendition, but we need far more to ensure that abuses committed by the United States are fully brought to light.

Learn more about accountability for torture: Sign up for breaking news alerts,follow us on Twitter, and like us on Facebook.

View comments (1)
Read the Terms of Use

from Richard, V...

Need I read any further than this article to support my previous statements of NOT rushing headlong and emotion-filled into war?
The question is half-rhetorical, but the article certainly makes a statement FOR approaching war with extreme caution.
Anyone who's that excited about the prospect of war has either never SEEN combat or became unnecessarily hardened by it.

People may take issue with my desire to pursue peace at all costs, but I became that way for a reason directly related to a different administration (Richard Nixon's in fact) continuing the conflict in Vietnam and sending more boys to die for something that never changed in the end. We lost the Vietnam War along with more than 48,000 killed in action and 10,000 lost by means other than combat.
It may just be me, but I believe ONE life was too many to sacrifice, much less the friends and comrades I actually saw die there.

I think any politician who signs off on war should have to go himself or, if he's beyond the right age group, someone in his close family should have to serve in his stead.
I wonder how many lawmakers would be in such a hurry to authorize war if those conditions accompanied every war they approve of.

Stay Informed