About the ACLU's Project on Speech, Privacy, and Technology
The ACLU’s Project on Speech, Privacy, and Technology (SPT) is dedicated to protecting and expanding the First Amendment freedoms of expression, association, and inquiry; expanding the right to privacy and increasing the control that individuals have over their personal information; and ensuring that civil liberties are enhanced rather than compromised by new advances in science and technology. The project is currently working on a variety of issues, including political protest, freedom of expression online, privacy of electronic information, journalists’ rights, scientific freedom, and openness in the courts.
Ben Wizner (@benwizner) is the director of the ACLU’s Speech, Privacy & Technology Project. For more than fifteen years, he has worked at the intersection of civil liberties and national security, litigating numerous cases involving airport security policies, government watch lists, surveillance practices, targeted killing, and torture. He appears regularly in the global media, has testified before Congress, and is an adjunct professor at New York University School of Law. Since July of 2013, he has been the principal legal advisor to NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden. Ben is a graduate of Harvard College and New York University School of Law and was a law clerk to the Hon. Stephen Reinhardt of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
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Esha Bhandari is a staff attorney with the ACLU's Speech, Privacy, and Technology Project, where she works on litigation and advocacy to protect freedom of expression and privacy rights in the digital age. She also focuses on the impact of big data and artificial intelligence on civil liberties. She has litigated cases including Sandvig v. Sessions, a First Amendment challenge to the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act on behalf of researchers who test for housing and employment discrimination online, and Alasaad v. Nielsen, a challenge to suspicionless electronic device searches at the U.S. border. Esha was previously an Equal Justice Works fellow with the ACLU Immigrants’ Rights Project, where she was involved in litigating cases concerning a right to counsel in immigration proceedings and immigration detainer policies. Esha is a graduate of McGill University, the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, and Columbia Law School, and served as a law clerk to the Hon. Amalya L. Kearse of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.
Vera Eidelman is a staff attorney with the ACLU’s Speech, Privacy, and Technology Project, where she focuses on litigation and advocacy to protect free speech online; the right to protest; and public access to secret algorithms used in criminal trials. Vera was previously a William J. Brennan fellow with the Speech, Privacy & Technology Project. Vera is a graduate of Stanford University and Yale Law School. During law school, she worked in Yale’s Media Freedom and Information Access Clinic and interned with the Electronic Frontier Foundation. Before joining SPT, she served as a law clerk to the Hon. Beth Labson Freeman of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California.
Daniel Kahn Gillmor is a senior staff technologist with the ACLU’s Speech, Privacy and Technology Project. He is an active developer for Debian, one of the oldest and largest free software operating systems, in addition to many other free software projects. Daniel is also a participant in the development of Internet protocols for secure communications with the IETF. He has served on the Leadership Committee of May First/People Link, a mutual aid Internet organization for social justice advocates, and has led discussions on cryptography and data sovereignty issues at conferences from Banja Luka to Hong Kong. Daniel is a graduate of Brown University’s computer science program.
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Brian Hauss is a staff attorney with the ACLU's Speech, Privacy & Technology Project, where he focuses on free speech litigation and advocacy. Brian has litigated cases involving political boycotts, municipal advertising restrictions, defamation, and speech crimes, among other issues. Brian was previously a staff attorney with the ACLU Center for Liberty, where he challenged religious refusals to comply with anti-discrimination laws, and a William J. Brennan fellow with the Speech, Privacy & Technology Project. Brian is a graduate of Yale University and Harvard Law School. He served as a law clerk to the Hon. Marsha S. Berzon of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
Jennifer Granick fights for civil liberties in an age of massive surveillance and powerful digital technology. As the new surveillance and cybersecurity counsel with the ACLU's Speech, Privacy and Technology Project, she litigates, speaks, and writes about privacy, security, technology, and constitutional rights. Granick is the author of the book American Spies: Modern Surveillance, Why You Should Care, and What To Do About It, published by Cambridge Press and winner of the 2016 Palmer Civil Liberties Prize. Granick spent much of her career helping create Stanford Law School’s Center for Internet and Society. From 2001 to 2007, she was Executive Director of CIS and founded the Cyberlaw Clinic, where she supervised students in working on some of the most important cyberlaw cases that took place during her tenure. For example, she was the primary crafter of a 2006 exception to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act which allows mobile telephone owners to legally circumvent the firmware locking their device to a single carrier. From 2012 to 2017, Granick was Civil Liberties Director specializing in and teaching surveillance law, cybersecurity, encryption policy, and the Fourth Amendment. In that capacity, she has published widely on U.S. government surveillance practices, and helped educate judges and congressional staffers on these issues. Granick also served as the Civil Liberties Director at the Electronic Frontier Foundation from 2007-2010. Earlier in her career, Granick spent almost a decade practicing criminal defense law in California. Granick’s work is well-known in privacy and security circles. Her keynote, "Lifecycle of the Revolution" for the 2015 Black Hat USA security conference electrified and depressed the audience in equal measure. In March of 2016, she received Duo Security’s Women in Security Academic Award for her expertise in the field as well as her direction and guidance for young women in the security industry. Senator Ron Wyden (D-Ore) has called Granick an "NBA all-star of surveillance law.”
Brett Max Kaufman is a staff attorney in the ACLU's Center for Democracy, where he works primarily on national security issues. Mr. Kaufman is a graduate of Stanford University and the University of Texas School of Law, where he was book review editor of the Texas Law Review and a human rights scholar at the Rapoport Center for Human Rights and Justice. After graduation from law school, Mr. Kaufman spent one year in Israel, serving first as a foreign law clerk to Supreme Court Justice Asher Dan Grunis and then as a volunteer attorney at Gisha Legal Center for Freedom of Movement. He next completed two clerkships in New York City — with the Hon. Robert D. Sack of the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, and with Judge Richard J. Holwell and (after Judge Holwell’s resignation) Judge Lewis A. Kaplan of the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York. He spent two years at the national security fellow in the ACLU's National Security Project, and one year as a teaching fellow in New York University's Technology Law & Policy Clinic, where he continues to serve as an adjunct professor of law.
Jay Stanley (@JayCStanley) is senior policy analyst with the ACLU’s Speech, Privacy and Technology Project, where he researches, writes and speaks about technology-related privacy and civil liberties issues and their future. He is the editor of the ACLU’s Free Future blog and has authored and co-authored a variety of influential ACLU reports, policy papers and fact sheets on such topics as government and private-sector surveillance, police body cameras, drones, network neutrality, scientific freedom, and airline passenger security. Before joining the ACLU five weeks before 9/11, Jay was an analyst at the technology research firm Forrester, where he focused on internet policy issues. He is a graduate of Williams College and holds an M.A. in American History from the University of Virginia.
Nathan Freed Wessler (@NateWessler) is a staff attorney with the ACLU's Speech, Privacy, and Technology Project, where he focuses on litigation and advocacy around surveillance and privacy issues, including government searches of electronic devices, requests for sensitive data held by third parties, and use of surveillance technologies. In 2017, he argued Carpenter v. United States in the U.S. Supreme Court, seeking to establish that the Fourth Amendment requires law enforcement to get a search warrant before requesting cell phone location data from a person’s cellular service provider.
Nate was previously a legal fellow in the ACLU's National Security Project, where he was involved in litigation seeking transparency and accountability for targeted killing and challenging unlawful detentions at the U.S. prisons in Bagram and Guantanamo. Prior to that, he served as a law clerk to the Hon. Helene N. White of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit. Nate is a graduate of Swarthmore College and New York University School of Law, where he was a Root-Tilden-Kern public interest scholar. Before law school, he worked as a field organizer in the ACLU’s Washington Legislative Office.
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Lamya Agarwala is the William J. Brennan Fellow with the ACLU’s Speech, Privacy, and Technology Project. She is a graduate of University of California, Irvine and New York University School of Law. During law school, Lamya worked with the International Refugee Assistance Project, was a student attorney with the Federal Defenders of New York, and interned with the Policing Project at NYU. She spent her summers working with Kids in Need of Defense and the Brennan Center for Justice's Liberty and National Security Project.
Naomi Gilens is the William J. Brennan fellow with the ACLU’s Speech, Privacy, and Technology Project. Naomi is a graduate of Princeton University and Harvard Law School. During law school, she worked with Harvard’s Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society and as a student attorney in the Cyberlaw Clinic, and interned with the Electronic Frontier Foundation and the ACLU of Northern California. Before joining SPT, she served as a law clerk to the Hon. David J. Barron of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the First Circuit, and the Hon. Indira Talwani of the U.S. District Court for the District of Massachusetts.
Nicola Morrow is the paralegal with the ACLU’s Speech, Privacy, and Technology Project. Before joining the ACLU, Nicola worked as a research and writing assistant for the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and as a research assistant on a forthcoming book about genetic enhancement. Nicola graduated from Macalester College in 2017, where she received a major in International Studies, a minor in Political Science, and a concentration in Community & Global Health. Nicola also spent significant time studying moral philosophy and applied ethics. During her senior year, Nicola wrote and defended an honors thesis on biometrics and personal information, titled “Defining Biometrics: Toward a Transnational Ethic of Personal Information.”
Daniela del Rosario Wertheimer is a legal assistant with the ACLU’s Speech, Privacy, and Technology Project. She is a 2017 graduate of Swarthmore College, where she studied Anthropology, Spanish, and hermeneutics. Before she started at the ACLU, Daniela spent a year as a teaching fellow at the Marymount School of New York. She has also worked at immigration-focused non-profits and has completed sociological research on Twitter activism at Northwestern University. As a Mellon Mays Undergraduate Fellow, Daniela spent time doing ethnographic research in Havana, Cuba. The research produced Daniela’s senior thesis, which looked at access to the internet and other digital technologies in Cuba, and grappled with questions of urbanism, infrastructure, censorship, freedom of expression, press freedom, surveillance, and privacy.
Nicolas Aramayo is a legal assistant with the ACLU's Speech, Privacy, and Technology Project, as well as the Human Rights Project. Nicolas graduated from Yale University in 2017 as a Women's. Gender, and Sexuality Studies major and a Human Rights Program scholar. While on campus, Nicolas spent a lot of time building and integrating the transgender community into Yale while also looking for ways to make other spaces more intersectional, both academically and socially. In their senior year, Nicolas wrote a thesis regarding gender, sexuality, and international media in the muxe community of Juchitan de Zaragoza, Mexico, based on an independent research study that invovled immersion in the aforementioned community. Nicolas uses they/them and he/him pronouns.